The Philippines is poised to join other rapidly industrializing nations of the world. This impending process also brings with it the spectra of more pollution and environmental degradation. Depreciating air quality is impairs the health and welfare of a large proportions of the population, in particular that of the 20 million residents in Metro Manila its surrounding air shed.
The concentration of several dangerous pollutants has reached critical levels that are well above those that commonly affect human health. The primary causes of air pollution come from emissions from industrial processes and combustion of fuels in power plants. Close to 3,000 industries and commercial establishments located within Metro Manila have expanded rapidly. Annual estimates of emission show that 116,000 tons of PM (particulate matter) and 39,000 tons of Sulfur Oxide (SOx) are being produced every year. Studies indicated total Suspended Particulates (TSP10), exceeds national ambient air quality standards, which are comparable to WHO guidelines. Such great number of emission creates impact on public health where road users someone prone to chest ailments, children with high blood lead levels and poor are most adversely affected. If not addressed, unfavorable effects of air pollution will significantly wear down the gains of social and economic development.
The government interventions are still obviously inadequate and needs intensified judging from monitoring data registered for the period. Air quality must be improved through the reduction of air pollution, enhancing the fuel quality and promoting the use of alternative and clean fuel.
This sample introduction is taken from the project proposal entitled, “Comparative Analysis of Physico-Chemical Characteristics between 20% and 25% CME Blend by Volume on Bunker Fuel and the Effect of Exhaust Gas Emission” by: Kristian G. Barario, Rhio C. Dimakiling, Orley G. Fadriquel and Manuel Robles.