What is Project Proposal

Project proposal is a written document that can be presented to the client or potential sponsor to receive funding or to get approved. It contains the key information about the project being proposed. It includes the necessary steps to accomplish the objectives and solve existing problems as well the milestones to complete the project. Also, it contains the detailed budget which includes the summation of anticipated cost and expenses.

A good project proposal contains the following components:

•    Project Title
•    Introduction
•    Project Objectives
•    Background of the Project
•    Project Description
•    Steps or Procedures for the Project
•    Project Budget
•    Project Summary and Conclusion

In order to have a successful project proposal, the documents should thoughtfully planned, well prepared and concisely packaged. You can highlights the project’s strength and aspects of the project that are innovative and thinks something that makes your project proposal stand out from others. Also, always create a detailed budget. Write also who will work for the project such as the management team  In addition, in writing the project objectives includes also a list of activities that support each objective.  At the end of the document, include a separate narrative summary of each component of each line item and corresponding purposes. You can search sample project proposal from the internet but of course, it should only used as guidelines and references.


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Formal Proposal Structure

A formal proposal is usually requested by companies when they are planning to outsource projects.  Structure of formal proposal includes project objectives, times lines, job qualification, budget as well as cost breakdown.  These structures are very essential to your formal proposal in order for reader to decide whether your proposal will be approved or not.

The following are structures of a formal proposal:

proposal structure

–    Title Page
It includes the title of the project, submission date, and the name of the institution

–    Project Summary or Abstract
It serves as a brief initial quick overview of the proposal and contains the project’s main points and summary of the proposal

–    Table of Contents
Some brief proposal may not need to use a table of contents but of course the long proposal should list all major parts and division.

–    Introduction
It begins with the statement of what is being proposed and briefly outlines the goals and objectives of the project as well as the background of the study.

–    Project Goals and Objectives
It provides the goals and objectives of the project.

–    Review of Related Literature
It consists of the discussion of related works.

–    Description of Proposed Research
It considers the heart of the proposal. It should describe what is to be undertaken and how it will be accomplished.

–    Methodology or Design
It provides the action of plans to accomplished the project such as the specific steps and procedures how the research or project will take place.

–    Project Staffing
It specifies the staffs who will be participating in the project. It should also provide the curriculum vitae of each staff as well as a description of the work to be performed to be done by each staff.

–    Project Cost
It contains the detailed cost of the proposed project.

–    Facilities and Equipment
It provides the resources to be used in order to complete the project including the facilities and equipment. These resources include the computer systems, library resources and the like.

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Parts of the Project Proposal

Project proposal is written to gain money from the investors and to grant money as well as to loan money to a large project.  In order to have a successful project proposal, it should describe the things you want to accomplish and how you intend to achieve these things.

A successful project proposal may include the following parts:

  • Introduction
    It contains the project accomplishment and benefits of your project to the company. Explain in short sentence of how your project achieves the goals of the company.


  • Background of the Project
    It describes the background of the project such as how the idea for the project came out.
  • Method Used for the Project Proposal
    It demonstrates how to make the project happen so it should explain the methods or procedures to be used in order to have a successful project to achieve the company’s goals. It includes scope statement and risk that provides solution to overcome it.
  • Project Budget
    It provides the information about the cost of the project.  The reader should know how much money is needed to accomplish the proposed project and how the money will be spent.


  • Summary
    It contains the summary of the paragraph stating the project scope, project budget and the importance of the project.

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Discussion of Results, Conclusion and Recommendation

Current System

  1. Records cannot be easily updated
  2. Having a hard time to scan the pages of a book
  3. Having a hard time to view all the information in just one time.
  4. Graduation students is the primary user of the system
  5. It is just a yearbook, no applications can be access

Proposed Annual Website

  1. Can add, edit, or delete record easily
  2. Can easily access the yearbook thru the internet
  3. Viewer friendly
  4. Anyone can be a user, who at least know how to surf on the internet are also qualified to use the Annual Website
  5. Can send information to other sites or to other people and to other country


Internet is the best way of connecting with other computers throughout the world.  Many people and companies wanted to be connected in the Internet and having your own web page is the key to this connection.
So we have come up with our general conclusion that having your own web page will turn to be a great help for yourself, your relatives as well as organizations and companies you are in to.  Another is that graduating students such as Computer Science students are glad and willing to have their information accessible in the internet based on survey we have made.


We highly recommend that all students must have their own web page for this will benefit them. We also suggest that these webpages be combined and come up with a yearbook accessible in the internet.

Discussion of Results, Conclusion and Recommendation
Discussion of Results

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Sample of Work Activities and Schedule

It is very important to have a detailed work activities as well as the corresponding schedule so that you will know the flow of your project.  You should establish the timeline for completing work activity. Give enough each activity to complete associated task before the deadline.  Planning and organizing is one of the best ways to keep focused and makes it ensure to tackle all necessary steps for success. It allows to track progress for the activity.  Some use gantt chart to represent a project schedule since it is useful in planning how long a project would take. Gantt chart shows the amount of work done completed in a certain period of time.

The following is a Detailed Work Activities and Schedule for the Proposed Philippine Airlines Aviation Fuel Tank Farm Project:
Activities and Duration

  1. Site Inspection and Analysis of Berthing Facility – 1 month
  2. Design of Fuel Tanks – 1 month
  3. Design of Fuel Loading/Unloading Pump and Piping Facilities – 2 months
  4. Design of Fire Protection System for Fuel Tank, Fuel Pump House and Marne Berth – 2 months
  5. Design of Fire Protection System for Ancillary Structure – 3 months
  6. Design of Air Conditioning and Ventilation System  for Ancillary Structure  – 3 months
  7. Preparation of Technical Specifications – 3 months
  8. Preparation of Bill of Quantities – 1 month


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Review of Related Literature Sample

History of the Web

Tim-Berner’s Lee, a computer specialist from the European Particle Physics Laboratory (CERN) in 1989, initially conceived the web.  As he said, there was  “a need for a collaborative knowledge-sharing tool” to support scientific or any kind of advancement in an international context.  He and his partner Robert Cailliau created a prototype web and released it to the Internet community for testing and comments.  Since then it has grown into the web we know today under the guidance of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that is a volunteer organization based at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with responsibility for developing and maintaining common standards.

Perhaps the single most important technological development in the history of the web itself, was the development of graphical browsers in the early 90s. Beginning with the NCSA’s Mosaic and its evolution into Netscape Navigator and Microsoft’s Internet Explorer, these programs allowed users to browse the resources on the web in an extremely user friendly environment.  This made the web a “fun” place marked the beginning of the true web revolution.

The web is a complex, international cross platform, cross language, cross cultural mesh of servers, clients, users, databases, and quite a few artificial intelligence all taking, working, searching, viewing, accessing, downloading, and who knows what else.  As such, no one owns or controls the web.  In fact, it is impossible to own or control by its very nature and design.  In fact, it is not even an it.  You can’t hold the web or make it tangible.  Instead, you can think of the web not as a thing, but as a process, an action, ‘a medium of communication.  This fact has profound implications on how you should think about designing web pages.

The web is not synonymous with the internet through some people may think so.  Actually, the web is one way to utilize the infrastructure of the internet.  In other words, the web is an application of the internet.

Differences between the web and paper

One of the first things most people will tell you as they explain the fundamentals of web design is that the web pages are not like paper pages.  In these ways, it is true:

Static vs Dynamic.  Paper is static.  Once something  is printed on paper, it doesn’t change.  A web page, however, can chance at any moment.   For this reason, it is essential to make sure that the information on you web page is current.  Imagine getting last week’s newspaper on your doorstep.  No one wants to read old news.   They will skip over your site and go to another site that has been recently updated.  Even if there is no new information present, it’s good to find something to change daily or weekly or even monthly, such as “tip of the day”, a list of “monthly activities/events”, or even a comic strip.

An international audience.  The web is accessible from virtually anywhere in the world as compared to paper, and it is important to take into consideration that a portion of your audience will probably be from another country.  (This, of course, doesn’t apply to local businesses and organizations that only target people within a specific region.)  It you aim to reach people all over the world, English is the preferred language.  The use of slang or colloquialisms should be minimized, and keep the language simple so people from other cultures, and those who read English as their second language can understand.

The Web becomes paper.  One thing to consider in the web versus paper is that the web can become paper if a web page is printed out while it is much more difficult to input the contents of a paper page into the web.
Multimedia.  Paper doesn’t really have multimedia.  At most, it has images.  The images on paper are usually very detailed and appear instantly.  On the web, they usually carry less detail and the user has to wait for them to download before they can be viewed.  Usually the text appears before the images.  Even so, images put on the web enhance and define the written text messages, besides as mentioned before; images in the web over paper is that it can carry sound and video, provided that certain technologies exist on both the client and server side.  It is important to make sure that multimedia carries nonessential information, as some or all of it may be inaccessible to a large portion of your audience.

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Dengue Prevention Project Proposal

I.  Activity: Dengue Prevention through Residual Spraying
Venue: PSU campus
Beneficiaries: PSU Students and Employees

II. Proposed Date:  May 05, and 6, 2011

III. Background Rationale:

Records of Dengue cases admitted at the different local hospitals showed that a remarkable number of such cases come from Nueva Ecija.  So we must take the necessary precautions and actions to prevent Dengue from spreading in our campus.
Residual Spraying is one of the means in the prevention and control of spread of the carrier mosquitoes.

IV. Objective

– To prevent the spread of dengue cases in all our campuses.

V. Description

– Activity
Residual spraying of all classrooms, offices, workshops, grounds and facilities

Schedule of spraying is on May 5, and  6, 2011 from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm

VI. Estimated Budgetary Requirement

Deltamax 2.5 WP (Php550 x 120 sachets)   Php 66,000.00
Equipment and Labor Cost – Php 12,000.00
Food and Snacks    – Php 1,500.00
TOTAL – Php 79,500.00

Prepared and Submitted by:

Ross Ann Carlos
Nurse III

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Project Sample Proposal

Project Type: Two Storey Residential Structure
Project Cost: P3,200,000.00 (Three Million Two Hundred Thousand Pesos)

Scope of Works

I.    General Requirements
a.    Mobilization, Materials Handling
a.    Site Clearing
b.    Temporary Facilities
c.    Demolition
d.    Excavation
e.    Demobilization
f.    Hauling

II.    Concrete Works
a.    Foundation      (Excavation, Pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)        b.    Footing      (Excavation, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
c.    Wall Footing (Excavation, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
d.    Tie Beams (Excavation, formworks, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
e.    Columns (Formworks, scaffolding, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
f.    Beams (Formworks, scaffolding, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
g.    Roof Beams (Formworks, scaffolding, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
h.    Concrete Slab Works (Formworks, scaffolding, poring of concrete, steel fabrications)
i.    Canopies
j.    Counter Top
k.    Fencing are excluded
l.    Outdoor slab works are excluded

III.    Masonry Works
a.    CHB Laying and CHB reinforcements
b.    Brick Works (Limited to conservative finish)
c.    Stone Works (Limited to conservative finish)

IV.    Roofing and Tinsmitry
a.    Truss work
b.    Roofing Installations (.40mm thick Rib Type Roofing)
c.    Gutter Installations (Colored S-gutter)

V.    Finishing Works
a.    Plastering
b.    Ceiling Works ( Limited to conservative finish)
c.    Tile Works
-Ground Floor common areas (Granite Tiles .60x.60m)
-Toilet and Bath (.20x.30 and .20x.20m ceramic tiles)
-Counter Top (Granite Tiles .60x.60m)
-Laminated Flooring for al l rooms
-Second floor common areas (Granite Tiles .60x.60m)
d. Painting Works (Interior and exterior painting)
e. Carpentry works , Cabinets(Limited to conservative finish, surface prepared but not painted)
f. Doors (Panel and flush doors, aluminum framed sliding doors, hardware)
g. Windows (Aluminum framed sliding, awning and fixed windows)
h. Landscaping are excluded
XV.            Electrical Works
a.    Electrical rough-ins, power and lighting lines
b.    Main entrance, Panel board
c.    Lighting and power fixtures are excluded (switches, outlets, drop lights, pin lights, other fixtures)

XVI.    Sanitary Works
a.    Septic Vault
b.    Sanitary lines
c.    Installation of fixtures (Bath tub,Shower and heater fixtures are excluded)
d.    Storm drain

XVII.    Plumbing Works
a.    Cold Water line installations
b.    Deep well, pump installations (Excluded)

XVIII.    Metal Works (Stairs,Veranda Steel Railings) (Gate, Fence,Window Grilles, and other items not included in the items are excluded)

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Bills of Labor and Material Cost Proposal

Project: Two (2) Storey Residential Building

Estimated Labor and Material Cost

I.    General Preliminaries
Excavation – Php 15000
Clearing – 10,000
Backfilling – 40,000
TOTAL – Php 65000

II.    Steel Works
D. Bar G40
D. Bar G33
T. Wire
D. Bar G40
D. Bar
D.Bar G33
D. Bar 640
Steel Gate (for garage)
Steel Gate (for service area)
Steel Railing (for stairs)
Steel Railing (for balcony)
Steel Railing (for stairs)
Solid Wood (for stairs)
Railing Wood
Epoxy Primer
Automotive Paint
Lacquer Thinner
Lacquer Flo

III.    Carpentry Works
Coco Lumber
Form Plywood
Assorted Nails
Gypsum Board
Metal Furring
Carrying Channel
Wall Angle
Carrying Clip
Gymsum Screw
Drill Bit
Blind Revit
Marine Plywood
Gypsum Putty
Gaza Tape
Good Lumber
Finishing Nail
Concealed Hinges
Cabinet Handle
Drawer Guide
Hanger Pipe and Cap

IV.    Masonry Works
CHB #4 and #5
White Sand
Ready mix
Flexi bond

V.    Electrical Works
Electrical Wire
Panel Board
Cable Wire
Telephone Wire
Utility box
Junction Box
Electrical Tape
Flexible Hose

VI.    Paintings
Flat Latex
Flexi Bond
Sand Paper
Bio Fresh
Elastomeric paint
Roller Brush
Paint Brush
Baby Roller
Flatwall Enamel
Sanding Sealer
Top Coat
Lacquer Thinner
Paint Thinner

VII.    Plumbing
PVC Pipe for Drainage
Sanitary Pipe
Neltex Elbow
Neltex T
Neltex Bend
Neltex P-Trap
Vesvo Pipe
Gate Valve
Male Adaptor
Elbow with Thread
Neltex Cement
Counter Top Granite
Kitchen Sink
Kitchen Faucet
Toilet Bowl with Lavatory
Lavatory Faucet

VIII.    Tile Works
Floor Tiles (Granite)
Wall Tiles
Floor Tiles
Outdoor Tiles
Tile Adhesive
Tile Grout

II. STEEL WORKS  – 714,530.00
III. CARPENTRY WORKS –  344,602.00
IV. MASONRY WORKS  –   739,334.00
V. ELECTRICAL WORKS  – 118,620.00
VI. PAINTING –  115,845.00
VII. PLUMBING – 122,955.00
VIII. TILE WORKS  –  272,200.00
Total Cost of Materials   –   2,493,086.00

LABOR COST (40%) – 997,234.40
CONTRACTOR  PROFIT (10%) –  249,308.60
CONTINGENCY PLAN (5%) – 124,654.30
TOTAL COST – PHP   3,864,283.30

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Proposed Technical Specification

Technical Specification for Proposed One-Storey Residential Structure

Project Proposal: Proposed One-Storey Residential Structure
Address: Del Rosario St. Pilar, Bataan
Owner: Engr. Ethelmer Navarro
Subject: Technical Specifications

General Requirements

A.    The work to be executed shall be done in accordance with the accompanying plans and specifications

B.    All works to be done shall be in the best quality of workmanship under the supervision of an Architect or a Civil Engineer

C.    The construction shall conform to all the requirements of the National Building Code, as well as the local rules and regulations of the City or Municipality

D.    Scope of Works

I.    Site Preparation
II.    Excavation
III.    Backfilling
IV.    Concrete of Works
V.    Proportioning of Concrete
VI.    Forms and scaffoldings
VII.    Concrete Slab Floors on Fill
VIII.    Steel Reinforcing Bars
IX.    Masonry
X.    Finishes
XI.    Floor Finishes
XII.    Tile Wall and Floor Finishes
XIII.    Carpentry and Lumber
XIV.    Roofing
XV.    Doors and Windows
XVI.    Electrical Works
XVII.    Plumbing Works
XVIII.    Metal
XIX.    Painting

I. Site Preparation

The building site shall be leveled according to the plans and cleared of rubbish, roots and other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable sub-grade.

All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and spread uniformly over the areas adjacent the proposed building, or otherwise disposed off as may be directed by the Architect or the Engineer in charge of the construction.

The contractor shall make the necessary temporary facilities such as the bodega and comfort room.  This section also includes temporary connections of electrical and plumbing utilities.

Existing walls will not be demolished, instead will be used and reinforced as wall partition at Ground Level.

II. Excavation

All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings, where the building site is covered with any kind of fill, the excavation for footings should be made deeper until the stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil reached.

Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process, it shall be removed by bailing or pumping, care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not disturbed or removed.

III. Backfilling

After concrete for foundations reached the curing period to withstand pressure resulting from fills, the materials removed from excavations shall be used for backfills around them.

Backfills shall be placed in layers not exceeding 150mm in thickness, and each layer shall be thoroughly compacted wetting, tamping and rolling.

IV. Concrete Works

All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of the cement and aggregates, and should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position, care being taken to avoid segregation of the aggregates.

Water to be used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil, acids, alkalis, salts, and other organic materials.

All reinforced concrete columns, beams, and slabs shall be according to design as shown on plan.

Materials, Portland cement ASTM C 150, Type I, Sand ASTM C 897

V. Proportioning of Concrete

All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard specifications for plain and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government.  Cement to be used shall be HOLCIM Portland Cement or equivalent.

The following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the building:
Columns and Footings – Class A (1:2:4)
Wall Footings – Class A(1:2:4)
Reinf. Concrete Beams and Slabs – Class A(1:2:4)
Slab on Fill – Class B(1:2 1/2:5)

The fine aggregate for concrete shall consist of natural sand, or of inert materials with similar characteristics, having clean, hard and durable grains, free from organic matter or loam.

The course aggregate for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable and strong qualities or clean and hard gravel.  Size of the course aggregate shall vary from 20mm to 40mm (3/4” to 1-1/2”)

VI. Forms and Scaffoldings

All forms for concrete shall be properly braced or connected together so as to maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members.  Forms shall be constructed sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water.

Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to support its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it.

Scaffoldings must be properly braced to prevent accidents.  Scaffolding materials may be lumber or steel.

VII. Concrete Slab Floors on Fill

Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed not less than 100mm thick.  Each concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one meter wide, and each course shall be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish.

VIII. Steel Reinforcing Bars

All steel reinforcing bars to be used in the construction shall consist of round deformed bars with lugs, projection on their sides to provide a greater bond between the concrete and the steel.  Sizes range is 10mm dia., 12mm dia., 16mm dia.

All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against displacement by tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge #16 galvanized iron wire.

The steel reinforcing bars indicated for footings, columns, slabs, beams, girders and other concrete members shall all conform to the number, size and spacing as indicated in the drawings or schedule of steel reinforcements.

IX. Masonry

Concrete hollow blocks to be used in this project shall be 5 inches thick.

All exterior concrete hollow blocks to be used for the first floor walls shall be at least 150mm thick, while concrete hollow blocks for interior walls unless otherwise indicated, shall be 100mm thick.  For interior CHB walls where plumbing pipes and fittings shall be located, the thickness shall be at least 150mm thick.

Concrete hollow blocks to be used for walls above the first floor, shall be 150mm thick.

The concrete hollow block walls shall be laid, and the cells filled with cement mortar consisting of 1 part Portland cement and 3 parts sand by volume.  They shall be reinforced with round deformed bars, 10mm diameter, spaced not more than 1.20 meters on center, both ways.

X. Finishes

Interior walls shall be of Smooth Plain Cement Plaster finish unless otherwise specified in the plans.
Exterior walls shall be of Smooth Plain Cement Plaster finish.

This section includes Portland Cement Plaster materials
a.    Base – Coat Cement: Portland cement, ASTM C 150, Type I
b.    Job – Mixed Finish Coat: ASTM C 926, Portland Cement, ASTM C 150 Type I
c.    Sand Aggregates for Base Coat: ASTM C 897
d.    Water: Potable and clean

XI. Floor Finishes

All materials to be used as floor finishes for the rooms shall be plain cement finish and general areas of the building shall be plain cement finish.

XII. Tile Wall and Floor Finishes

The toilet and bathroom floors shall be finished with 0.20m x 0.20 CERAMIC TILES and approved equivalent
The walls of the toilets, bathrooms shall be 0.20m x 0.30m CERAMIC TILES and approved equivalent.

XIII. Carpentry and Lumber
Lumber shall be approved quality of the respective kind required for the various parts of the work, self seasoned, thoroughly dried and free from large, loose and unsound knots, sap, shakes or other imperfections impairing its strength, durability and appearance.  Tanguile shall be used for door jambs, corbets, hangers, ceilings joist and other framings.  Lumber standards must comply with Philippine Lumber Standard and with applicable grading rules of local inspection agencies.

XIV. Roofing
The roof shall be covered with 0.40 mm Color Roof Rib Type roofing.  The roofing sheet shall be secured to the purlins.  Gutter will be Pre-Painted Spanish Gutter.  All accessories must conform to standard of ASTM.  All overlaps and connections must be properly screwed and riveted.

XV. Doors and Windows
This section includes Solid Wood Doors and Hollow – Core Doors
Material: Kilm Dry “J. Melina” for solid door and ordinary tanguile for hollow – core wood doors and approved equivalent.
Install wood doors to comply with manufacturer’s written instructions, referenced quality standard, and as indicated on drawings.
PVC door shall be in quality standard “POLY DOOR” brand or approved equivalent; Extend and Location: Toilet and Bath
This section also includes standard Aluminum Framed (analok) Windows with ¼’ thick bronze glass.  Materials shall conform good quality and to be installed by the required fabricator and must comply with manufacturer’s specification and recommendations for installation of window units, hardware, operators and other components of the work.

XVI. Electrical Works

Basic Electrical Requirements

A.    All electrical works shall be done in accordance with all applicable current edition of the Philippine Electrical Code and shall conform to requirements, agencies and Power Company with jurisdiction over this project.  All work for this installation shall be done under the direct supervision of duly licensed Electrical Engineer or Master Electrician.

B.    All electrical materials, devices, fixtures, fittings and hardware shall be of suitable and approve type for location purposes.

XVII. Plumbing Works

All plumbing works for this project shall be done in accordance with the approved plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Sanitary Engineer or Master Plumber.

Piping shall be properly graded or pitched to ensure easy circulation, drainage and prevent water hammer and noise.

The plumbing installation shall conform with the provisions of the National Plumbing Code and the rules and regulations enforced in the locality.

Piping for drain, waste and vent shall be done using GI push – on system.  For the in-house water supply installation, GI pipes and fittings shall be used.

The plumbing fixtures and accessories to be provided and installed shall be follows:
Water Closets – COOL or approved equivalent
Lavatories – COOL or approved equivalent
Kitchen Sink – Stainless
Shower Heads – COOL or approved equivalent
Soap Holder – COOL or approved equivalent
Toilet Paper Holder – COOL or approved equivalent
Floor Drain – COOL or approved equivalent

Where a sanitary sewer system of sewage disposal is not in operation in the locality, standard septic vault shall be constructed as shown in the drawings.

XIII. Metal
Steel Grills and Ornamental Railings

A.    General: For smooth fabrications exposed to view in the completed work, provide materials with smooth, flat, surfaces without blemishes.  Do not use materials with exposed pitting.  Seam marks, roller marks or roughness.

B.    This section includes ornamental railing fabricated from custom shapes.

C.    Steel and Iron: Provide steel and iron in form indicated to comply with the following requirements
Tubing: Cold formed, ASTM A 500
Steel Plate, Shapes and Bar: ASTM 36

XIV Painting

A.    This section includes surface preparation and field painting of the following:
Exposed exterior items and surface
Exposed interior and surfaces
Surface preparation, priming and finish coast specified in this section are in addition to shop priming, and surface treatment specified in other sections.

B.    Material Compatibility: Provide block fillers, primers, undercoats, finish-coat materials and related materials that are compatible with one another and the substrates indicated under conditions of service and application, as demonstrated by manufacturer based on testing and field experienced.

C.    Materials Quality:  Provide manufacturer’s best quality paint material of the various coating types specified. Paint-material containers not displaying manufacturer’s product identification will not be acceptable.
Proprietary Names:  Use of manufacturer’s proprietary product names to designate colors or materials is not intended to imply that products named are required to be used to the exclusion of equivalent products of other manufacturers.

Cementitious Filler: Not shrink formulations; white Portland cement with fine silicate aggregate, zinc-oxide pigment, and reinforcing chemical binder as approved.

Thinner:  As  recommended by each manufacturer for the respective product.
Equipment: Provide scaffolding, staging, drop cloths, covers, brushes, rollers and spraying and other equipment of the type, grade and size required for the proper execution of work.

D.    Color:  Colors of items or surfaces to be painted are indicated on the drawings and schedules.  Provide custom color of the finished paint system to match the Architect’s sample.

E.    Mixing:  All materials shall be factory or supplier mixed to proper application consistency.  Perform job mixing and tinting only as approved by the Architect.

F.    Application:
General: Apply finish systems in accordance with the manufacturer’s written instructions.  Use applicators and techniques best suited for substance and type of material being applied.  Apply to the dry film mil thickness for each coat as recommended by the manufacturer.  Finish coats shall cover substrate and produce a uniform finish surface, free form from sags, lap mark and other defects.

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