Archive for the ‘Project Proposal’ Category.

Sample Simple Project Proposal

Project Title: Proposed Intergroup Relation Training and Development for the JCN Bakery & Grocery
Project Proponent: Reina Samaniego
Project Location: JCN Bakery & Grocery,  Orion, Bataan

I.    Rationale

JCN Bakery & Grocery is one of the biggest grocery stores in Balanga. It has different branches in Bataan located at Orion, Dinalupihan and in Balanga. The main focus of this proposal is to give the employees training about how to have a good relation among them and in the other group.

II.    General Objectives

Intergroup Training development will maintain and improve the relationship among the employees.

Specific Objective

-    To motivate the employees to work efficient.
-     To encourage them to have a good relation among the employees.
-    To enhance the skills of the employees.
-    To avoid Intergroup conflicts among the employees.
-     To increase job satisfaction.
-     To encourage them to have a quality service.
-     To improve and maintain good management.
-     To promote cooperation and good communication among the employees.

III.    Strategies

1.    Planning Phase
- Data Gathering about the company profile.
- Observing the employees relationship.
- Conducting questionnaires and interviews with the employees.
- Analyzing the problem.
- Meeting with the owner, to set the place and the needed things.
- Setting the place where the event will happen.

2. Implementation
The training will be implemented on March 14 to March 17 2009 ( 4 days ) at the convention room of Elizabeth bodega and grocery.

IV.    Work Plan

1. Data Gathering – 3 days
2. Observation – 7 days
3. Interview and Conducting questionnaire – 7 days
4. Analysis of the Problem – 5 days
5.  Meeting with the owner – 2 days
6. Setting the Place = 2 days
7. Implementation – 4 days

V.    Technical Justification

Materials Needed

Computer – (provided by the company)
Projector – provided by the company)
Chairs – (provided by the company)
Miscellaneous expense – P    500.00
Professional cost (2 person) – 6,400.00 ( 3,200 x 2)
Lunch / Snacks – 1,500.00

Project Cost:                    P 8,400.00


Project Sample Proposal

Project Type: Two Storey Residential Structure
Project Cost: P3,200,000.00 (Three Million Two Hundred Thousand Pesos)

Scope of Works

I.    General Requirements
a.    Mobilization, Materials Handling
a.    Site Clearing
b.    Temporary Facilities
c.    Demolition
d.    Excavation
e.    Demobilization
f.    Hauling

II.    Concrete Works
a.    Foundation      (Excavation, Pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)        b.    Footing      (Excavation, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
c.    Wall Footing (Excavation, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
d.    Tie Beams (Excavation, formworks, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
e.    Columns (Formworks, scaffolding, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
f.    Beams (Formworks, scaffolding, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
g.    Roof Beams (Formworks, scaffolding, pouring of concrete, steel fabrications)
h.    Concrete Slab Works (Formworks, scaffolding, poring of concrete, steel fabrications)
i.    Canopies
j.    Counter Top
k.    Fencing are excluded
l.    Outdoor slab works are excluded

III.    Masonry Works
a.    CHB Laying and CHB reinforcements
b.    Brick Works (Limited to conservative finish)
c.    Stone Works (Limited to conservative finish)

IV.    Roofing and Tinsmitry
a.    Truss work
b.    Roofing Installations (.40mm thick Rib Type Roofing)
c.    Gutter Installations (Colored S-gutter)

V.    Finishing Works
a.    Plastering
b.    Ceiling Works ( Limited to conservative finish)
c.    Tile Works
-Ground Floor common areas (Granite Tiles .60x.60m)
-Toilet and Bath (.20x.30 and .20x.20m ceramic tiles)
-Counter Top (Granite Tiles .60x.60m)
-Laminated Flooring for al l rooms
-Second floor common areas (Granite Tiles .60x.60m)
d. Painting Works (Interior and exterior painting)
e. Carpentry works , Cabinets(Limited to conservative finish, surface prepared but not painted)
f. Doors (Panel and flush doors, aluminum framed sliding doors, hardware)
g. Windows (Aluminum framed sliding, awning and fixed windows)
h. Landscaping are excluded
XV.            Electrical Works
a.    Electrical rough-ins, power and lighting lines
b.    Main entrance, Panel board
c.    Lighting and power fixtures are excluded (switches, outlets, drop lights, pin lights, other fixtures)

XVI.    Sanitary Works
a.    Septic Vault
b.    Sanitary lines
c.    Installation of fixtures (Bath tub,Shower and heater fixtures are excluded)
d.    Storm drain

XVII.    Plumbing Works
a.    Cold Water line installations
b.    Deep well, pump installations (Excluded)

XVIII.    Metal Works (Stairs,Veranda Steel Railings) (Gate, Fence,Window Grilles, and other items not included in the items are excluded)

Bills of Labor and Material Cost Proposal

Project: Two (2) Storey Residential Building

Estimated Labor and Material Cost

I.    General Preliminaries
Excavation – Php 15000
Clearing – 10,000
Backfilling – 40,000
TOTAL – Php 65000

II.    Steel Works
D. Bar G40
D. Bar G33
T. Wire
D. Bar G40
D. Bar
D.Bar G33
D. Bar 640
Steel Gate (for garage)
Steel Gate (for service area)
Steel Railing (for stairs)
Steel Railing (for balcony)
Steel Railing (for stairs)
Solid Wood (for stairs)
Railing Wood
Epoxy Primer
Automotive Paint
Lacquer Thinner
Lacquer Flo

III.    Carpentry Works
Coco Lumber
Form Plywood
Assorted Nails
Gypsum Board
Metal Furring
Carrying Channel
Wall Angle
Carrying Clip
Gymsum Screw
Drill Bit
Blind Revit
Marine Plywood
Gypsum Putty
Gaza Tape
Good Lumber
Finishing Nail
Concealed Hinges
Cabinet Handle
Drawer Guide
Hanger Pipe and Cap

IV.    Masonry Works
CHB #4 and #5
White Sand
Ready mix
Flexi bond

V.    Electrical Works
Electrical Wire
Panel Board
Cable Wire
Telephone Wire
Utility box
Junction Box
Electrical Tape
Flexible Hose

VI.    Paintings
Flat Latex
Flexi Bond
Sand Paper
Bio Fresh
Elastomeric paint
Roller Brush
Paint Brush
Baby Roller
Flatwall Enamel
Sanding Sealer
Top Coat
Lacquer Thinner
Paint Thinner

VII.    Plumbing
PVC Pipe for Drainage
Sanitary Pipe
Neltex Elbow
Neltex T
Neltex Bend
Neltex P-Trap
Vesvo Pipe
Gate Valve
Male Adaptor
Elbow with Thread
Neltex Cement
Counter Top Granite
Kitchen Sink
Kitchen Faucet
Toilet Bowl with Lavatory
Lavatory Faucet

VIII.    Tile Works
Floor Tiles (Granite)
Wall Tiles
Floor Tiles
Outdoor Tiles
Tile Adhesive
Tile Grout

II. STEEL WORKS  – 714,530.00
III. CARPENTRY WORKS -  344,602.00
IV. MASONRY WORKS  -   739,334.00
V. ELECTRICAL WORKS  – 118,620.00
VI. PAINTING -  115,845.00
VII. PLUMBING – 122,955.00
VIII. TILE WORKS  -  272,200.00
Total Cost of Materials   -   2,493,086.00

LABOR COST (40%) – 997,234.40
CONTRACTOR  PROFIT (10%) -  249,308.60
CONTINGENCY PLAN (5%) – 124,654.30
TOTAL COST – PHP   3,864,283.30

Proposed Technical Specification

Technical Specification for Proposed One-Storey Residential Structure

Project Proposal: Proposed One-Storey Residential Structure
Address: Del Rosario St. Pilar, Bataan
Owner: Engr. Ethelmer Navarro
Subject: Technical Specifications

General Requirements

A.    The work to be executed shall be done in accordance with the accompanying plans and specifications

B.    All works to be done shall be in the best quality of workmanship under the supervision of an Architect or a Civil Engineer

C.    The construction shall conform to all the requirements of the National Building Code, as well as the local rules and regulations of the City or Municipality

D.    Scope of Works

I.    Site Preparation
II.    Excavation
III.    Backfilling
IV.    Concrete of Works
V.    Proportioning of Concrete
VI.    Forms and scaffoldings
VII.    Concrete Slab Floors on Fill
VIII.    Steel Reinforcing Bars
IX.    Masonry
X.    Finishes
XI.    Floor Finishes
XII.    Tile Wall and Floor Finishes
XIII.    Carpentry and Lumber
XIV.    Roofing
XV.    Doors and Windows
XVI.    Electrical Works
XVII.    Plumbing Works
XVIII.    Metal
XIX.    Painting

I. Site Preparation

The building site shall be leveled according to the plans and cleared of rubbish, roots and other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable sub-grade.

All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and spread uniformly over the areas adjacent the proposed building, or otherwise disposed off as may be directed by the Architect or the Engineer in charge of the construction.

The contractor shall make the necessary temporary facilities such as the bodega and comfort room.  This section also includes temporary connections of electrical and plumbing utilities.

Existing walls will not be demolished, instead will be used and reinforced as wall partition at Ground Level.

II. Excavation

All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings, where the building site is covered with any kind of fill, the excavation for footings should be made deeper until the stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil reached.

Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process, it shall be removed by bailing or pumping, care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not disturbed or removed.

III. Backfilling

After concrete for foundations reached the curing period to withstand pressure resulting from fills, the materials removed from excavations shall be used for backfills around them.

Backfills shall be placed in layers not exceeding 150mm in thickness, and each layer shall be thoroughly compacted wetting, tamping and rolling.

IV. Concrete Works

All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of the cement and aggregates, and should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position, care being taken to avoid segregation of the aggregates.

Water to be used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil, acids, alkalis, salts, and other organic materials.

All reinforced concrete columns, beams, and slabs shall be according to design as shown on plan.

Materials, Portland cement ASTM C 150, Type I, Sand ASTM C 897

V. Proportioning of Concrete

All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard specifications for plain and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government.  Cement to be used shall be HOLCIM Portland Cement or equivalent.

The following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the building:
Columns and Footings – Class A (1:2:4)
Wall Footings – Class A(1:2:4)
Reinf. Concrete Beams and Slabs – Class A(1:2:4)
Slab on Fill – Class B(1:2 1/2:5)

The fine aggregate for concrete shall consist of natural sand, or of inert materials with similar characteristics, having clean, hard and durable grains, free from organic matter or loam.

The course aggregate for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable and strong qualities or clean and hard gravel.  Size of the course aggregate shall vary from 20mm to 40mm (3/4” to 1-1/2”)

VI. Forms and Scaffoldings

All forms for concrete shall be properly braced or connected together so as to maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members.  Forms shall be constructed sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water.

Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to support its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it.

Scaffoldings must be properly braced to prevent accidents.  Scaffolding materials may be lumber or steel.

VII. Concrete Slab Floors on Fill

Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed not less than 100mm thick.  Each concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one meter wide, and each course shall be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish.

VIII. Steel Reinforcing Bars

All steel reinforcing bars to be used in the construction shall consist of round deformed bars with lugs, projection on their sides to provide a greater bond between the concrete and the steel.  Sizes range is 10mm dia., 12mm dia., 16mm dia.

All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against displacement by tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge #16 galvanized iron wire.

The steel reinforcing bars indicated for footings, columns, slabs, beams, girders and other concrete members shall all conform to the number, size and spacing as indicated in the drawings or schedule of steel reinforcements.

IX. Masonry

Concrete hollow blocks to be used in this project shall be 5 inches thick.

All exterior concrete hollow blocks to be used for the first floor walls shall be at least 150mm thick, while concrete hollow blocks for interior walls unless otherwise indicated, shall be 100mm thick.  For interior CHB walls where plumbing pipes and fittings shall be located, the thickness shall be at least 150mm thick.

Concrete hollow blocks to be used for walls above the first floor, shall be 150mm thick.

The concrete hollow block walls shall be laid, and the cells filled with cement mortar consisting of 1 part Portland cement and 3 parts sand by volume.  They shall be reinforced with round deformed bars, 10mm diameter, spaced not more than 1.20 meters on center, both ways.

X. Finishes

Interior walls shall be of Smooth Plain Cement Plaster finish unless otherwise specified in the plans.
Exterior walls shall be of Smooth Plain Cement Plaster finish.

This section includes Portland Cement Plaster materials
a.    Base – Coat Cement: Portland cement, ASTM C 150, Type I
b.    Job – Mixed Finish Coat: ASTM C 926, Portland Cement, ASTM C 150 Type I
c.    Sand Aggregates for Base Coat: ASTM C 897
d.    Water: Potable and clean

XI. Floor Finishes

All materials to be used as floor finishes for the rooms shall be plain cement finish and general areas of the building shall be plain cement finish.

XII. Tile Wall and Floor Finishes

The toilet and bathroom floors shall be finished with 0.20m x 0.20 CERAMIC TILES and approved equivalent
The walls of the toilets, bathrooms shall be 0.20m x 0.30m CERAMIC TILES and approved equivalent.

XIII. Carpentry and Lumber
Lumber shall be approved quality of the respective kind required for the various parts of the work, self seasoned, thoroughly dried and free from large, loose and unsound knots, sap, shakes or other imperfections impairing its strength, durability and appearance.  Tanguile shall be used for door jambs, corbets, hangers, ceilings joist and other framings.  Lumber standards must comply with Philippine Lumber Standard and with applicable grading rules of local inspection agencies.

XIV. Roofing
The roof shall be covered with 0.40 mm Color Roof Rib Type roofing.  The roofing sheet shall be secured to the purlins.  Gutter will be Pre-Painted Spanish Gutter.  All accessories must conform to standard of ASTM.  All overlaps and connections must be properly screwed and riveted.

XV. Doors and Windows
This section includes Solid Wood Doors and Hollow – Core Doors
Material: Kilm Dry “J. Melina” for solid door and ordinary tanguile for hollow – core wood doors and approved equivalent.
Install wood doors to comply with manufacturer’s written instructions, referenced quality standard, and as indicated on drawings.
PVC door shall be in quality standard “POLY DOOR” brand or approved equivalent; Extend and Location: Toilet and Bath
This section also includes standard Aluminum Framed (analok) Windows with ¼’ thick bronze glass.  Materials shall conform good quality and to be installed by the required fabricator and must comply with manufacturer’s specification and recommendations for installation of window units, hardware, operators and other components of the work.

XVI. Electrical Works

Basic Electrical Requirements

A.    All electrical works shall be done in accordance with all applicable current edition of the Philippine Electrical Code and shall conform to requirements, agencies and Power Company with jurisdiction over this project.  All work for this installation shall be done under the direct supervision of duly licensed Electrical Engineer or Master Electrician.

B.    All electrical materials, devices, fixtures, fittings and hardware shall be of suitable and approve type for location purposes.

XVII. Plumbing Works

All plumbing works for this project shall be done in accordance with the approved plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Sanitary Engineer or Master Plumber.

Piping shall be properly graded or pitched to ensure easy circulation, drainage and prevent water hammer and noise.

The plumbing installation shall conform with the provisions of the National Plumbing Code and the rules and regulations enforced in the locality.

Piping for drain, waste and vent shall be done using GI push – on system.  For the in-house water supply installation, GI pipes and fittings shall be used.

The plumbing fixtures and accessories to be provided and installed shall be follows:
Water Closets – COOL or approved equivalent
Lavatories – COOL or approved equivalent
Kitchen Sink – Stainless
Shower Heads – COOL or approved equivalent
Soap Holder – COOL or approved equivalent
Toilet Paper Holder – COOL or approved equivalent
Floor Drain – COOL or approved equivalent

Where a sanitary sewer system of sewage disposal is not in operation in the locality, standard septic vault shall be constructed as shown in the drawings.

XIII. Metal
Steel Grills and Ornamental Railings

A.    General: For smooth fabrications exposed to view in the completed work, provide materials with smooth, flat, surfaces without blemishes.  Do not use materials with exposed pitting.  Seam marks, roller marks or roughness.

B.    This section includes ornamental railing fabricated from custom shapes.

C.    Steel and Iron: Provide steel and iron in form indicated to comply with the following requirements
Tubing: Cold formed, ASTM A 500
Steel Plate, Shapes and Bar: ASTM 36

XIV Painting

A.    This section includes surface preparation and field painting of the following:
Exposed exterior items and surface
Exposed interior and surfaces
Surface preparation, priming and finish coast specified in this section are in addition to shop priming, and surface treatment specified in other sections.

B.    Material Compatibility: Provide block fillers, primers, undercoats, finish-coat materials and related materials that are compatible with one another and the substrates indicated under conditions of service and application, as demonstrated by manufacturer based on testing and field experienced.

C.    Materials Quality:  Provide manufacturer’s best quality paint material of the various coating types specified. Paint-material containers not displaying manufacturer’s product identification will not be acceptable.
Proprietary Names:  Use of manufacturer’s proprietary product names to designate colors or materials is not intended to imply that products named are required to be used to the exclusion of equivalent products of other manufacturers.

Cementitious Filler: Not shrink formulations; white Portland cement with fine silicate aggregate, zinc-oxide pigment, and reinforcing chemical binder as approved.

Thinner:  As  recommended by each manufacturer for the respective product.
Equipment: Provide scaffolding, staging, drop cloths, covers, brushes, rollers and spraying and other equipment of the type, grade and size required for the proper execution of work.

D.    Color:  Colors of items or surfaces to be painted are indicated on the drawings and schedules.  Provide custom color of the finished paint system to match the Architect’s sample.

E.    Mixing:  All materials shall be factory or supplier mixed to proper application consistency.  Perform job mixing and tinting only as approved by the Architect.

F.    Application:
General: Apply finish systems in accordance with the manufacturer’s written instructions.  Use applicators and techniques best suited for substance and type of material being applied.  Apply to the dry film mil thickness for each coat as recommended by the manufacturer.  Finish coats shall cover substrate and produce a uniform finish surface, free form from sags, lap mark and other defects.

Proposal Materials and Finishes for Apartment

Project Title: Proposed One (1) Storey Four Door Apartment

Materials and Finishes Proposal:

Roof frame : Long Span Metal Roofing Apo Rib Type
Eaves : Steel Frame System
Gutter : Pre-Painted G.I. Gutter

Ground Floor : Ceramic tile
T & B Floor : Ceramic tile

Exterior Walls : Acrytex (semi-gloss) paint finish
Interior Walls  : Latex (semi-gloss) paint finish

Interior ceiling : 1/4” marine plywood / paint finish

Main Door, Bedroom doors : Flush Type, marine plywood, paint finish
T & B Doors: Aluminum door

Plumbing: Toilet Fixtures, water closets and accessories

Proposed One Storey House and Bill of Materials and Estimates

Project Title: Proposed One Storey Three (3) Bedroom Residence

Bill of Materials and Estimates

I.    Concrete and Masonry      – 398,502.50

40 kgs Portland Cement
Washed sand
5” chb
4” chb
8 mm bars
9 mm bars
12 mm bars
GA #16 tie wire
3/4 crushed gravel

II.    Carpentry – 38,775.00

1/4” x 1/4” thk ordinary plywood
1/4” x 1/4” marine plywood
1” x 2” x 1 1/2″ x 12 coco lumber
2” x 2” x 12” lumber
2” x3” x 12” lumber
Assorted nails

III.    Steel Trusses – 45,485.00

L bar 3/16×1 1/2x 1 ½”
C-Purlins 2x3x1.20
C-Purlins 2x6x1.0
1/8 x 1 ½ Flat Bar
Welding Rod
Metal Primer
Paint Thinner
Paint Brush
Hacksaw Blade

IV.    Roofing Materials – 61,772.50

Longspan sheet roofing
Ridge roll
Type-S Sealant
Silicon Sealant
Touch-up paint
Color Gutter 24”

V.    Doors – 20,792.00

Main panel door
Panel door .80 x 2.10
3  1/2×3 1/2 hinges
PVC Flush door
Door knobs

VI.    Windows – 45,300.00

1.40 x 1.20 aluminum sliding window
0.50 x 0.60 aluminum sliding window

VII.    Plumbing Rough-in – 15,340.00

Water closets
Stainless Kitchen Sink
4” x 4” Floor Strainer
12 mm water faucet
Water line
PVC assorted fixtures

VIII.    Tile Works – 57,345.00

8” x 10” ceramic wall tiles
8” x 8” ceramic floor tiles
40×40 Ceramic Floor Tile
Tile Grouth
Portland Cement

IX.    Electrical Works – 16,720.00

3” dia. Porcelain receptacle
60 watts energy savers
Single switch
Two gang
Three gang
2” x 4” utility box
4” x 4” junction box
Panel box
Electrical Wires
Safety switch
Moldflex PVC Pipe

X.    Painting Works – 53,750.00

Latex flat
Gloss latex flat wall
Flat wall enamel
Metal Primer
Conc. Neutralizer
Paint thinner

XI.    Embankment/Earthfill  – 45,000.00

TOTAL – 798,782.00


A.    Material Cost – Php 798,782.00
B.    Labor Cost – Php 399,391.00
Total Probable Project Cost – Php 1,198,173.00

Prepared by:

Architect Ted M. Co

Proposed Three Bedroom Residence Contract

Project Title: Proposed One (1) Storey Three Bedroom Residence
Location: Lot 12, Blk 05 Villa Quintana, Samal, Bataan
Owner: Angelito Reagan and Rosalie Reagan, spouses

General Conditions of the Contract

This agreement is made and enters into this January 23, 2011 by and between Architect Ronald Vergara, Richtown Subd. Balanga City, Bataan, and Mr. Angelito Reagan and Rosalie Reagan, spouses and Owner of Lot 12, Blk 05 Villa Quintana, Samal, Bataan

The parties hereto, for in consideration hereinafter, hereby covenant and agreed as follows:

1.    That the Architect hires by the contracting under this contract to do work Construction and supervision of One Storey Three bedroom Residence with a total floor area of 68.00 (6.80 x 10.00) square meters.

2.    That the general conditions of the contract, specifications, plan, as well as drawings with each pages signed by client and architect relating hereto form the integral part of the contract.

3.    Scope of Work

a.    The architect-constructor, inconsideration of the payment to be made by the Owner of the sum money the amount of Eight Hundred Fifty Five Thousand Pesos (Php855,000.00) hereinafter named, agrees to furnish all labor, materials, equipment tools and other facilities and the satisfactory and faithful performance of all works necessary to commence and complete the following phases of works:

b.    Materials and Finishes

1.    Roofing materials – Long span Rib Type
2.    Trusses – Metal Framing
3.    Exterior and Interior Walls – Plaster Cement Finish
4.    Flooring – Plaster Cement – Scratch coat finish
5.    Installation of Electrical and Power system
6.    Installation of water and waste line system

c.    The entire work of the construction of the proposed project shall be under the Supervision of the Architect or her representative.

d.    When the above mentioned work is completed on item 3a-b, the Architect/Contractor shall remove and properly dispose all temporary structures, materials and rubbish of every sort and leave the premises and ground in good condition.

e.    Surveys, test, light and water services shall be provided and secured by the owner.

4.    Changes

These are alterations, additions or omissions of work or materials specified or shown in the drawings during the progress of construction

a.    All changes on the approved plans shall be approved by the Architect or his/her representative and the Owner.
b.    If such changes are made the corresponding value or amount must be agreed upon in writing or mutual between the Owner and the Architect/Contractor.
5.    Schedule of Construction

The work to be performed by the contractor/architect under this contract shall be commenced not later than January 23, 2011 and shall be completed no later than March 23, 2011 unless an extension of time has been authorized or approved by the Owner in writing.

6.    Work under this contract may be discharge by performance if both parties are able to comply with their respective obligations.

7.    The Contract Sum

a.    The Owner agrees that for and in consideration of the faithful performance by the Architect/Contractor in accordance with the provisions of this contract, he/she shall pay the architect the contract sum of Eight Hundred Fifty Five Thousand Pesos (Php855,000.00)
b.    It is expressly agreed by both parties that no change shall be made in the above mentioned contract amount as a result of any fluctuation on the cost of materials, and/or labor.

8.    Payments

Partial payments shall be made by the Owner on account of the Architect/contractor of this contract and will be made as follows:

a.    Upon signing of the contract – ______________
b.    February 25, 2011  – ______________
c.    March 25, 2011 – ______________
d.    April 15, 2011 – ______________

The parties to this agreement hereby agree to full performance of the covenants contained herein.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties to this Agreement have on the day and year first above given, hereunto set their hands at the bottom of this page and on the left hand margin of all other pages of this Agreement.




Signed in the Presence of



Proposed One Storey Three (3) Bedroom Residence

Project Title: Proposed One Storey Three (3) Bedroom Residence
Location: Lot 25 Blk 4 Santana Land Subdivision Capitangan, Abucay, Bataan
Owner : Mr. Leonardo Navarro and Celestina Navarro, spouses

I.    Site Preparation

1.    Determine the exact location, landmarks and verify boundaries shown in the location plan.
2.    Clearing and Grubbing
a.    The area within limits of the plan shall be cleared of logs, stumps and roots between and embankment.  Filling, grading or leveling the lot as needs and fencing the property if called by the owner.
b.    Provide storage facilities for construction materials as approved by the owner and Architect and Civil Engineer.

3.    Furnishing of all labor, equipment and other facilities necessary to complete the preparation of the site

II.    Concrete Works

1.    The materials to be used and involved in this work shall be the best quality, free from the defects that may impair the strength of the building.
2.    Concrete shall be composed of Portland cement, fine and coarse aggregates and water.
3.    Cement must be of such quality so as to meet the standards specifications.  Fine aggregates shall be composed of sand and coarse aggregates to composed of gravel and crushed stones, both free any injurious amount of dust, lumps of earth and any undesirable elements.
4.    Mixing of concrete shall be done in accordance with the standard specification.
5.    Water to be used in mixing concrete should be clean and free from injurious of oil, organic matter or other deleterious substances.
6.    All reinforced concrete beams, columns and footing shall be of class A mixture (1:2:4) and reinforced as shown on drawings.  No footing shall rest on fill.
7.    All slabs on fill shall be laid well on compacted earth and gravel fill and of class C mixture (1:3:6) and reinforced as shown on drawings
8.    Concrete hollow blocks walls filled with mortar of 1:3 mixture shall be reinforced as shown on drawings.
9.    Concrete to be used for plastering shall be of 1:3 mixture.

III.    Carpentry Works

1.    General Conditions
a.    Lumber shall be of the approved quality of respective kinds required for the various pats of the works.
b.    Framing lumber shall be of rough
c.    All exposed wood works shall be smoothly dressed to sized and shapes

IV.    Tinnery Works

1.    General Conditions
All tannery works shall be conformed to the standard regulations practices in the locality.
2.    Roof Covering shall be gauge 0.04 thk. Long span iron sheets.
3.    Toilets shall be ceramic floor and wall tiles as previously approved by the owner.

V.    Steel Trusses

1.    Use 2-2 1/2” x 2 ½” x ¼” double angle for top chord.
2.    Use 2-2 ½ x 2 1/2 x ¼ double angle for bottom chord.

VI.    Plumbing

1.    Polymutan Pipe (PVC or G.I. Pipe) water line.
2.    Series 1000 PVC Pipe for waste line (Emerald Brand)
3.    PVC 4” dia. Pipe for rain waste line (Emerald Brand)
4.    Water closet, Philippine standard complete with flush tank and fittings

VII.    Electrical Works

1.    All wires shall be according to written specifications found in the approved electrical plan (PHILFLEX)
2.    All circuit breaker shall be General Electric brand or its approved equal.
3.    All convenience outlets shall be provided with 22.
4.    Switches cover & convenience outlets coves shall be National brand or approved equal.
5.    All convenience outlets exposed to weather shall be waterproof, eagle brand

VIII.    Doors and Jambs

1.    Door jamb shall be concrete material and finish
2.    Main door shall be solid panel door.
3.    Use PVC flush door for T/B/

IX.    Windows

1.    Aluminum door powder coated
2.    All windows shall be according to the approved plan.

X.    Paintings

1.    All paints shall be Boysen or its approved equal.
2.    Exterior walls shall be acrytex cast finish or approved finish.

Prepared by:

Arch. Virginia T. Sy

Data Presentation for a Project Proposal of Construction of Suspension Bridge

Geographical Site

The proposed site for the construction of the bridge is about thirty kilometers south of Aparri, Cagayan.  The water current at this point is weak which makes the construction suitable.  The bridge is bounded between two national roads.  At the right side is an intersection which leads to the eastern part of Cagayan.

The Advantages of a Suspension Bridge

A suspension bridge has its advantages

-    The manner of carrying  loads is highly efficient since so much of the load is carried by the cable in tension.
-    The analysis of the structure is greatly simplified because when a cable supports a load that is uniform per unit length of the cable itself, such as its own weight, it takes the form of a catenary; but unless the sag of the cable is large in proportion to its length, the shape taken may often be assumed to be parabolic

The Construction of a Suspension Bridge

The special design of the suspension bridge does not consider the stability of the river level.  It is more resistant than ordinary bridges to earthquakes.  A construction of this type of bridge the following general steps:

-   Topographic Surveying

One considers the span of the bridge and the soil conditions existing at the site where the bridge has to be constructed.

-    Engineering Design

The component parts of the bridge are designed.  This is a very complex work which is done by the qualified structural engineer after gathering the necessary data for the design.

-    Actual Construction Work

Under this phase of activity which is dependent upon the design made by the structural engineer are the salient structures to be constructed.

The Anchor

The making of the anchor depends a lot on the nature of the soil where it is going to be built.  If the soil is sandy, naturally it is not capable of holding too much tension, so that there is the need to drive tubular piles beneath the anchorsheet.  These tubular piles consists of a hallow cylindrical steel with concrete and steel bars in it.  These will help the anchor in supporting tremendous tension created by the cable.  These circumstances are applied to the proposed plan.  The western side of the river is sandy while the eastern part is rocky.  The anchor consists of steel imbedded in its concrete structure.  Its function is to lock the end of the main cable.  The making of an anchor needs a lot of time and needs a lot of calculations.  It usually takes time to build a certain type structure.  When mixed cement is poured to it, it is being filled layer by layer to ensure dryness, perfect dryness.  One of the anchors need the aide of the concrete-steel tubular piles.

The Abutments

Side spans and beams are supported by abutments.  Again, when the soil is sandy, there is the need to drive tubular piles at its bottom.  One of the abutments holds the weight of the main tower.


The towers are made of a hollow steel box about two meters wide and are joint together by gapless joints.  The erection is usually supported by cranes as temporary support.  The towers are erected first before the main cable.  When the towers are completed, a temporary steel extension is attached at the top which will hold the transporting cables.

Main Cable

The main cable consists of numerous steel strands.  The steel strands are transported from one side to the other by the use of the transporting cable.  When the number of steel strands is attained, they are tightened by the use of a twisting machine.  Sometimes, a catwalk is made from tower to tower.  These are temporary hanging ladders from the ground to the top of the tower continuously from tower to tower.

Therefore, transporting materials from one side to the other can be made manually.

Stiffening trusses

The stiffenig trusses are assembled first on the ground before they are carried through the transporting cables.  They are rigidly built that when they are attached to one another, they become a giant boom.  Aside from their strength, they are supported by vertical cables which are attached to the main cables.


When making the concrete road, it is not cemented continuously.  It is divided into segments with allowance to avoid cracking when the concrete expands.  The concrete is made up of reinforced concrete stabs.

Excerpt from Proposal to Construct a Suspension Bridge to Connect the Province of Ilocos Norte and Cagayan
By: Vener A. Villanueva

Project Proposal Methodology

Below is an example of Project Methodology excerpt from the Proposal for the Mechanical Engineering Design for PAL Fuel Tank Farm in Batangas City
By: Jose I. Hizon Jr., Carlos E. Zapanta and Melvin Panganiban

Implementation of Approach and Methodology

DOZON’s general approach to the Detailed Engineering Design of the Proposed Philippine Airlines Fuel Tank Farm project in Pinamucan, Batangas City will be basically anchored on the concept that all the project features shall adopt new and progressive technologies.  These within the domain of both international and local acceptable standard practices relating to bulk fuel storage that would encompass an effective plan formulation, detailed design and environmentally friendly construction methodology.

The proposed scope of work consists mainly of detailed mechanical engineering design and engineering support during construction.  An important start-up activity is to conduct site investigation.  A review of as built plan of the existing plant facilities and selection of appropriate construction methods and design standards shall be considered prior to the detailed engineering in order to save further on probable costs and construction time.

DOZON will conduct further detailed preliminary engineering work for the existing utilities at the site.

For this purpose, DOZON will have to use its experience in order to define the said functional requirements for the preliminary design phase.

For the next step, DOZON will define the engineering design criteria.  These criteria will be reported in the Conceptual Design Stage.  Based on DOZON’s experience, some alternative designs for each item will be studied and adapted to the existing site condition  Subsequently, the alternatives will be compared on the basis of efficiency, construction cost and maintenance requirements.

DOZON will use applicable and generally acceptable standards for design, investigation and tendering of materials, etc.  The following standards will be used in sequence of priority: Philippines, USA, Britain, Japan and other Asian countries.

The general approach to planning and technical detailing of the proposed Philippine Airlines Fuel Tank Farm Project in Pinamucan, Batangas City is to obtain pertinent information on the design standards and guidelines / practices of the governing agencies or related international aviation fuel storage.