Archive for the ‘Project Proposal’ Category.

Proposed Three Bedroom Residence Contract

Project Title: Proposed One (1) Storey Three Bedroom Residence
Location: Lot 12, Blk 05 Villa Quintana, Samal, Bataan
Owner: Angelito Reagan and Rosalie Reagan, spouses

General Conditions of the Contract

This agreement is made and enters into this January 23, 2011 by and between Architect Ronald Vergara, Richtown Subd. Balanga City, Bataan, and Mr. Angelito Reagan and Rosalie Reagan, spouses and Owner of Lot 12, Blk 05 Villa Quintana, Samal, Bataan

The parties hereto, for in consideration hereinafter, hereby covenant and agreed as follows:

1.    That the Architect hires by the contracting under this contract to do work Construction and supervision of One Storey Three bedroom Residence with a total floor area of 68.00 (6.80 x 10.00) square meters.

2.    That the general conditions of the contract, specifications, plan, as well as drawings with each pages signed by client and architect relating hereto form the integral part of the contract.

3.    Scope of Work

a.    The architect-constructor, inconsideration of the payment to be made by the Owner of the sum money the amount of Eight Hundred Fifty Five Thousand Pesos (Php855,000.00) hereinafter named, agrees to furnish all labor, materials, equipment tools and other facilities and the satisfactory and faithful performance of all works necessary to commence and complete the following phases of works:

b.    Materials and Finishes

1.    Roofing materials – Long span Rib Type
2.    Trusses – Metal Framing
3.    Exterior and Interior Walls – Plaster Cement Finish
4.    Flooring – Plaster Cement – Scratch coat finish
5.    Installation of Electrical and Power system
6.    Installation of water and waste line system

c.    The entire work of the construction of the proposed project shall be under the Supervision of the Architect or her representative.

d.    When the above mentioned work is completed on item 3a-b, the Architect/Contractor shall remove and properly dispose all temporary structures, materials and rubbish of every sort and leave the premises and ground in good condition.

e.    Surveys, test, light and water services shall be provided and secured by the owner.

4.    Changes

These are alterations, additions or omissions of work or materials specified or shown in the drawings during the progress of construction

a.    All changes on the approved plans shall be approved by the Architect or his/her representative and the Owner.
b.    If such changes are made the corresponding value or amount must be agreed upon in writing or mutual between the Owner and the Architect/Contractor.
5.    Schedule of Construction

The work to be performed by the contractor/architect under this contract shall be commenced not later than January 23, 2011 and shall be completed no later than March 23, 2011 unless an extension of time has been authorized or approved by the Owner in writing.

6.    Work under this contract may be discharge by performance if both parties are able to comply with their respective obligations.

7.    The Contract Sum

a.    The Owner agrees that for and in consideration of the faithful performance by the Architect/Contractor in accordance with the provisions of this contract, he/she shall pay the architect the contract sum of Eight Hundred Fifty Five Thousand Pesos (Php855,000.00)
b.    It is expressly agreed by both parties that no change shall be made in the above mentioned contract amount as a result of any fluctuation on the cost of materials, and/or labor.

8.    Payments

Partial payments shall be made by the Owner on account of the Architect/contractor of this contract and will be made as follows:

a.    Upon signing of the contract – ______________
b.    February 25, 2011  – ______________
c.    March 25, 2011 – ______________
d.    April 15, 2011 – ______________

The parties to this agreement hereby agree to full performance of the covenants contained herein.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the parties to this Agreement have on the day and year first above given, hereunto set their hands at the bottom of this page and on the left hand margin of all other pages of this Agreement.

By:

____________
Owner

____________
Architect

Signed in the Presence of

________________

________________

Proposed One Storey Three (3) Bedroom Residence

Project Title: Proposed One Storey Three (3) Bedroom Residence
Location: Lot 25 Blk 4 Santana Land Subdivision Capitangan, Abucay, Bataan
Owner : Mr. Leonardo Navarro and Celestina Navarro, spouses

I.    Site Preparation

1.    Determine the exact location, landmarks and verify boundaries shown in the location plan.
2.    Clearing and Grubbing
a.    The area within limits of the plan shall be cleared of logs, stumps and roots between and embankment.  Filling, grading or leveling the lot as needs and fencing the property if called by the owner.
b.    Provide storage facilities for construction materials as approved by the owner and Architect and Civil Engineer.

3.    Furnishing of all labor, equipment and other facilities necessary to complete the preparation of the site

II.    Concrete Works

1.    The materials to be used and involved in this work shall be the best quality, free from the defects that may impair the strength of the building.
2.    Concrete shall be composed of Portland cement, fine and coarse aggregates and water.
3.    Cement must be of such quality so as to meet the standards specifications.  Fine aggregates shall be composed of sand and coarse aggregates to composed of gravel and crushed stones, both free any injurious amount of dust, lumps of earth and any undesirable elements.
4.    Mixing of concrete shall be done in accordance with the standard specification.
5.    Water to be used in mixing concrete should be clean and free from injurious of oil, organic matter or other deleterious substances.
6.    All reinforced concrete beams, columns and footing shall be of class A mixture (1:2:4) and reinforced as shown on drawings.  No footing shall rest on fill.
7.    All slabs on fill shall be laid well on compacted earth and gravel fill and of class C mixture (1:3:6) and reinforced as shown on drawings
8.    Concrete hollow blocks walls filled with mortar of 1:3 mixture shall be reinforced as shown on drawings.
9.    Concrete to be used for plastering shall be of 1:3 mixture.

III.    Carpentry Works

1.    General Conditions
a.    Lumber shall be of the approved quality of respective kinds required for the various pats of the works.
b.    Framing lumber shall be of rough
c.    All exposed wood works shall be smoothly dressed to sized and shapes

IV.    Tinnery Works

1.    General Conditions
All tannery works shall be conformed to the standard regulations practices in the locality.
2.    Roof Covering shall be gauge 0.04 thk. Long span iron sheets.
3.    Toilets shall be ceramic floor and wall tiles as previously approved by the owner.

V.    Steel Trusses

1.    Use 2-2 1/2” x 2 ½” x ¼” double angle for top chord.
2.    Use 2-2 ½ x 2 1/2 x ¼ double angle for bottom chord.

VI.    Plumbing

1.    Polymutan Pipe (PVC or G.I. Pipe) water line.
2.    Series 1000 PVC Pipe for waste line (Emerald Brand)
3.    PVC 4” dia. Pipe for rain waste line (Emerald Brand)
4.    Water closet, Philippine standard complete with flush tank and fittings

VII.    Electrical Works

1.    All wires shall be according to written specifications found in the approved electrical plan (PHILFLEX)
2.    All circuit breaker shall be General Electric brand or its approved equal.
3.    All convenience outlets shall be provided with 22.
4.    Switches cover & convenience outlets coves shall be National brand or approved equal.
5.    All convenience outlets exposed to weather shall be waterproof, eagle brand

VIII.    Doors and Jambs

1.    Door jamb shall be concrete material and finish
2.    Main door shall be solid panel door.
3.    Use PVC flush door for T/B/

IX.    Windows

1.    Aluminum door powder coated
2.    All windows shall be according to the approved plan.

X.    Paintings

1.    All paints shall be Boysen or its approved equal.
2.    Exterior walls shall be acrytex cast finish or approved finish.

Prepared by:

Arch. Virginia T. Sy

Data Presentation for a Project Proposal of Construction of Suspension Bridge

Geographical Site

The proposed site for the construction of the bridge is about thirty kilometers south of Aparri, Cagayan.  The water current at this point is weak which makes the construction suitable.  The bridge is bounded between two national roads.  At the right side is an intersection which leads to the eastern part of Cagayan.

The Advantages of a Suspension Bridge

A suspension bridge has its advantages

-    The manner of carrying  loads is highly efficient since so much of the load is carried by the cable in tension.
-    The analysis of the structure is greatly simplified because when a cable supports a load that is uniform per unit length of the cable itself, such as its own weight, it takes the form of a catenary; but unless the sag of the cable is large in proportion to its length, the shape taken may often be assumed to be parabolic

The Construction of a Suspension Bridge

The special design of the suspension bridge does not consider the stability of the river level.  It is more resistant than ordinary bridges to earthquakes.  A construction of this type of bridge the following general steps:

-   Topographic Surveying

One considers the span of the bridge and the soil conditions existing at the site where the bridge has to be constructed.

-    Engineering Design

The component parts of the bridge are designed.  This is a very complex work which is done by the qualified structural engineer after gathering the necessary data for the design.

-    Actual Construction Work

Under this phase of activity which is dependent upon the design made by the structural engineer are the salient structures to be constructed.

The Anchor

The making of the anchor depends a lot on the nature of the soil where it is going to be built.  If the soil is sandy, naturally it is not capable of holding too much tension, so that there is the need to drive tubular piles beneath the anchorsheet.  These tubular piles consists of a hallow cylindrical steel with concrete and steel bars in it.  These will help the anchor in supporting tremendous tension created by the cable.  These circumstances are applied to the proposed plan.  The western side of the river is sandy while the eastern part is rocky.  The anchor consists of steel imbedded in its concrete structure.  Its function is to lock the end of the main cable.  The making of an anchor needs a lot of time and needs a lot of calculations.  It usually takes time to build a certain type structure.  When mixed cement is poured to it, it is being filled layer by layer to ensure dryness, perfect dryness.  One of the anchors need the aide of the concrete-steel tubular piles.

The Abutments

Side spans and beams are supported by abutments.  Again, when the soil is sandy, there is the need to drive tubular piles at its bottom.  One of the abutments holds the weight of the main tower.

Towers

The towers are made of a hollow steel box about two meters wide and are joint together by gapless joints.  The erection is usually supported by cranes as temporary support.  The towers are erected first before the main cable.  When the towers are completed, a temporary steel extension is attached at the top which will hold the transporting cables.

Main Cable

The main cable consists of numerous steel strands.  The steel strands are transported from one side to the other by the use of the transporting cable.  When the number of steel strands is attained, they are tightened by the use of a twisting machine.  Sometimes, a catwalk is made from tower to tower.  These are temporary hanging ladders from the ground to the top of the tower continuously from tower to tower.

Therefore, transporting materials from one side to the other can be made manually.

Stiffening trusses

The stiffenig trusses are assembled first on the ground before they are carried through the transporting cables.  They are rigidly built that when they are attached to one another, they become a giant boom.  Aside from their strength, they are supported by vertical cables which are attached to the main cables.

Concreting

When making the concrete road, it is not cemented continuously.  It is divided into segments with allowance to avoid cracking when the concrete expands.  The concrete is made up of reinforced concrete stabs.

Excerpt from Proposal to Construct a Suspension Bridge to Connect the Province of Ilocos Norte and Cagayan
By: Vener A. Villanueva

Project Proposal Methodology

Below is an example of Project Methodology excerpt from the Proposal for the Mechanical Engineering Design for PAL Fuel Tank Farm in Batangas City
By: Jose I. Hizon Jr., Carlos E. Zapanta and Melvin Panganiban


Implementation of Approach and Methodology

DOZON’s general approach to the Detailed Engineering Design of the Proposed Philippine Airlines Fuel Tank Farm project in Pinamucan, Batangas City will be basically anchored on the concept that all the project features shall adopt new and progressive technologies.  These within the domain of both international and local acceptable standard practices relating to bulk fuel storage that would encompass an effective plan formulation, detailed design and environmentally friendly construction methodology.

The proposed scope of work consists mainly of detailed mechanical engineering design and engineering support during construction.  An important start-up activity is to conduct site investigation.  A review of as built plan of the existing plant facilities and selection of appropriate construction methods and design standards shall be considered prior to the detailed engineering in order to save further on probable costs and construction time.

DOZON will conduct further detailed preliminary engineering work for the existing utilities at the site.

For this purpose, DOZON will have to use its experience in order to define the said functional requirements for the preliminary design phase.

For the next step, DOZON will define the engineering design criteria.  These criteria will be reported in the Conceptual Design Stage.  Based on DOZON’s experience, some alternative designs for each item will be studied and adapted to the existing site condition  Subsequently, the alternatives will be compared on the basis of efficiency, construction cost and maintenance requirements.

DOZON will use applicable and generally acceptable standards for design, investigation and tendering of materials, etc.  The following standards will be used in sequence of priority: Philippines, USA, Britain, Japan and other Asian countries.

The general approach to planning and technical detailing of the proposed Philippine Airlines Fuel Tank Farm Project in Pinamucan, Batangas City is to obtain pertinent information on the design standards and guidelines / practices of the governing agencies or related international aviation fuel storage.

Proposal Contractual Conditions

Chapter 3 – Contractual Conditions

3.1 General

This proposal is subject to the conclusion of a mutually satisfactory agreement defining the rights and obligations of the parties.

3.2 Responsibilities

To ensure the completion of the SERVICES within the given performance period, the CLIENT shall, immediately upon DOZON’s receipt of the Notice to Proceed with the work from the CLIENT, be responsible for the following:

  1. Providing DOZON with full information and data as to the project requirements.
  2. Providing DOZON with all available documents of the PROJECT and pertinent data, drawings/plans, reports, maps and other relevant information required for the performance of the SERVICES.
  3. Furnishing to the personnel of DOZON concerned with the PROJECT the necessary letters of authorization, clearances, permits, passes and other papers to enable them to have free access within the jurisdiction of the PROJECT.
  4. Designating the representative of the CLIENT duly authorized to deal with DOZON with respect to the PROJECT and the SERVICES.

3.3. Changes

Should the CLIENT make changes in the SERVICES to be performed, or in the basic data requirements furnished, and if such changes cause an increase or decrease in the costs, an equitable cost adjustment shall be made and DOZON shall be compensated accordingly.  Any delay or change in the schedule of the PROJECT having an impact on the cost and/or performance period of the SERVICES shall be deemed changed and shall be subject for separate compensation.

3.4   Responsibilities of DOZON

DOZON warrants that the SERVICES shall be performed by qualified personnel with skill, care and diligence and in compliance with the rules of engineering practice.  In the event that the SERVICES do not meet the terms of compliance set above, DOZON shall, at no cost to the CLIENT, rectify the deficient part of the SERVICES, if feasible, or otherwise indemnify the CLIENT for resulting damages  DOZON’s liability in this consequence shall be limited damages up to the amount received as compensation for the SERVICES directly related to this Agreement, and in all respects exclude any such liabilities relating to consequential damages, force majeure, and acts beyond DOZON’s direct control.

3.5    Termination

The AGREEMENT to be concluded between the parties may be terminated before completion of the SERVICES by either party with or without cause, but prior written notice of such termination shall be given to the other party thirty (30) days in advance.  Should such a termination be necessary, DOZON shall be fully compensated for the part of the SERVICES already performed.

In the event that after the start of the PROJECT, the CLIENT decides to terminate, abandon or shelve the PROJECT or its construction for an undetermined time, DOZON will be compensated for the SERVICES rendered from the start of the contract until pertinent papers and/or construction documents have been accomplished and turned over to the CLIENT which will take two (2) months after DOZON is informed of the termination of such PROJECT activities.

In case of any legal suit under the AGREEMENT, venue shall be at the proper courts of Manila, to the exclusion of all other venues.

3.6    Liability

DOZON shall not have any liability for loss of anticipated profits, loss of reason of PROJECT shutdown, increased expense of operation, claims by the customers of the CLIENT or by other third parties, loss of use of capital or revenue, damage to property, or for any consequential loss or damages.

The total liability of DOZON shall not exceed the contract value of the part of the SERVICES which gives rise to the claim(s).

3.7    Statement of Probable Construction Cost

Any statement of probable construction cost or any preliminary cost estimates, submitted by DOZON are accurate only up to a certain degree.  DOZON has no control over the fluctuating costs of labor and materials, or the many factors that go into competitive bidding, and DOZON shall neither guarantee nor be responsible for the resulting final project construction cost.

3.8    Measurements

Weights, measurements and dimensions shall be recorded in SI units.

3.9    Language

The official project language will be the English language.

Excerpt from the Proposal for the Mechanical Engineering Design for PAL Fuel Tank Farm in Batangas City
By: Jose I. Hizon Jr., Carlos E. Zapanta and Melvin Panganiban

Management Proposal

NCRFW Institutional Strengthening Project (NCRFW ISP) Phase II

Project Description:

The NCRFW ISP II is the second phase of partnership between CIDA and NCRFW.  The second phase of the project was re-oriented to focus on achieving an “institutionalized enabling environment in NCRFW and selected partners for gender responsive policy, planning, budgeting, implementation, monitoring and evaluation”.  Simply put, this means transforming government and its major processes to systematically respond to women’s needs and gender concerns.  In the long-term, government programs should reach and benefit women equally with men and improve their lives.  The strategy is called gender mainstreaming.

The project supports NCRFW itself and its work with a wide range of partners.  These include agencies and broad responsibilities throughout government (four oversight agencies, three statistical agencies and the legislature) and selected other agencies (four line agencies, seven sub-national government units and training partners).

The project was scheduled to conclude by June 2001. Given that it took longer than anticipated to develop effective working relationships and good project proposals with partners, NCRFW has been granted two extensions, the first one up to March 2002 and a second extension up to March 2004

Project Goal:

To support the full participation and integration of women in all aspects of Philippine national development by enhancing the planning and implementation capacity of NCRFW and all other key units tasked to carry out gender mainstreaming in government.

Project Purpose:

To build leadership, systems, capacity and skills in NCRFW and its partners to lead and guide the operationalization of existing government policy on gender equality;

To mainstream gender in the structures, functions, processes and systems of key government institutions, priority line agencies, selected local government units and resource networks.

Financial Proposal

Chapter 1- Compensation

DOZON shall be compensated for the performance of the services by a lump sum fee amounting to PESOS:  ONE MILLION EIGHT HUNDRED NINETY ONE THOUSAND THREE HUNDRED & 00/00 (Pph 1,891,300.00) only with the following breakdown:

-    Design of Fuel Tank, Pumping and Piping – Php 774,300.00
-    Design of Fire Protection Systems – Php 816,800.00
-    Design of Ventilation and Air Conditioning Systems – Php 300,200.00

Total – Php 1,891,300.00

Please note that all fees presented herewith are inclusive of the 10% Value Added Tax (VAT).

Chapter 2- Commercial Provisions

2.1 Terms of Payment

Payment for the services shall be made under normal existing and acceptable practice detailed as follows:

2.1.2 Detailed Mechanical Engineering Design Services
Four (4) Months Performance Period  including Conceptual Design Stage

40% of the total cost of services as acceptance fee upon receipt by DOZON of a written Notice to Proceed with the work from the client – Php 756,520.00

40% of the total cost of services upon submission of the preliminary design and plans – Php 756,520.00

20% of the total cost of services upon submission of the final design and plans, technical specifications, bill of quantities, and design computations – Php 378,260.00

Method of Invoicing and Payment

DOZON will submit invoices in accordance with this payment schedule.  The client will arrange for payments in respect of all fees due to DOZON within fifteen (15) days after submission of invoices.

2.3 Services and Expenses Covered

The price quoted in the Financial Proposal covers the cost for the services and related expenses in connection with the implementation of the scope of services within the specified project schedule as outlined in the Technical Proposal

2.4 Price Escalation

All quotations on this Financial Proposal do not include a provision for escalation beyond this date.

From: Proposal for the Mechanical Engineering Design for PAL Fuel Tank Farm in Batangas City
By: Jose I. Hizon Jr., Carlos E. Zapanta and Melvin Panganiban

Methodology for the Proposed Services

Proposal for the Mechanical Engineering Design for PAL Fuel Tank Farm in Batangas City
By: Jose I. Hizon Jr., Carlos E. Zapanta and Melvin Panganiban

Approach and Methodology in Undertaking the Proposed Services

Scope of Works

DOZON’s first priority is to evaluate the existing condition.  This will comprise of assigning a reconnaissance team who will be responsible for the collection of all data and pertinent information relevant to the project.  This will also include verification of any existing and/or proposed development in the vicinity of the area to determine the availability of power and water supply, telecommunications and drainage system and other facilities.

General

  1. Ensure the designs are in accordance with applicable codes, regulations and ordinances.
  2. Finalize the Basis of Design and brief to enable the preparation of full design drawings.
  3. Finalize the design drawings for the works, taking due consideration of the requirements of each design discipline.
  4. Prepare technical specifications for the works, based upon sound engineering practice and cognizance of local requirements and methods.
  5. Prepare and submit final construction drawings and technical specifications.
  6. Prepare Bill of Quantities based on the final design suitable for procuring of materials.
  7. Attend design meeting/presentations as requested by the CLIENT.

Design of fuel tank

This includes determination of the optimum numbers, capacities, dimensions, spacing and layout of fuel tanks and auxiliary piping.  Design shall be done in accordance with he latest applicable local codes and internationally recognized standards.  Several schemes shall be considered, studied and evaluated to arrive at the optimum system design.

Design of fuel loading and unloading piping facility

Upon completion fuel tank design and upon finalization of site development and marine berth, design of associated fuel loading/unloading piping between marine berth, fuel tank farm and truck loading shed shall then be made.  Design shall be done in accordance with the latest applicable local codes and internationally recognized standards.

Design of fire protection system for the fuel tank farm and marine berth

Upon owner’s approval of the fuel tank and pipe layouts and upon finalization of site development plan and marine berth, design of fire protection system shall be made  This includes design of fire hydrant system for entire facility, design of foam system for fuel tank farm and marine dock, design of water spray for fuel tanks exposure protection.  Likewise, design shall be done in accordance with the latest applicable local codes and internationally recognized standards.

Design of fire protection, ventilation and/or air conditioning system for ancillary structures

Upon owner’s approval of the architectural concept of the administration building, laboratory, employees’ quarters and other ancillary structure, design of fire protection, ventilation and/or air conditioning system for these structures shall then be made based on the latest applicable building codes.

Deliverables

1.    Major Service Requirements

a.    Study of existing site facilities and utilities
b.    Coordination with the architects and other engineering consultants
c.    Space allocation for fuel tank farm, equipment rooms, and fire storage tank
d.    Equipment layout
e.    Equipment selection including pumps, air conditioning units, etc.

2.    Cost estimate: review concept against budget for conformity
3.    Outline design criteria
4.    Finalized electrical site distribution routing and sub-station design
5.    Finalized air conditioning, ventilation, fuel piping, and fire protection plan, tank farm layout, equipment layout, equipment schedule, schematic line diagrams for ducting and piping

Engineering Support During Construction

  1. Coordinate closely with the CLIENT and other disciplines involved in the construction to ensure strict compliance of the construction with the design plans and specifications.
  2. Assist the CLIENT and the contractor in the interpretation of the design plans and specifications.
  3. Organize and lead job site meetings and others which may be required by the CLIENT.
  4. Review and approve all shop drawings, catalogues, and samples prepared by the contractors to ensure compatibility with design and specification requirements.

Sample Technical Proposal

Proposal for the Mechanical Engineering Design for PAL Fuel Tank Farm in Batangas City
By: Jose I. Hizon Jr., Carlos E. Zapanta and Melvin Panganiban

Part 1 Technical Proposal

Chapter 1 – Project Understanding

1.1    The Project

Philippine Airlines intends to develop the remaining part of the 60 hectare land located at Pinamucan, Batanga City, Province of Batangas.  The first part was develop as Himmel Industries, a chemical storage farm.  From the site inspection conducted last September 24, 2001 and the subsequent technical meeting with Philippines Airlines representatives led by Mr. Elvis Yao, it is anticipated that the Proposed Philippine Airline Aviation Fuel Tank Farm shall be provided with the following amenities features:

  • tanks with a total capacity of sixty (60) million liters of aviation fuel oil.
  • support facilities such as administration building, workshop, laboratory, substation and emergency generator set, elevated water tank, pump house, foam house, dormitory, recreation building, outdoor basketball and lawn tennis courts, guardhouse and helipad
  • four (4) loading truck sheds
  • outdoor and covered parking areas for visitors and employees
  • slop tank for initial discharge prior to storage to the fuel tanks
  • deep well water supply
  • lighting for the site
  • oil separator prior to discharge of oil waste
  • loading arm for the connection of vessel
  • new marine berth for the loading and unloading of fuel oil from the fuel tankers to the slop tank if the existing berth is not capable of accommodating the fuel tankers.

As envisioned to supply its own aircraft aviation fuel requirement, including that of Air Philippines, a Philippine Airlines has invited Trans-Asia (Philippines), Inc. to submit a Technical and Financial Proposal for the Detailed Architectural and Engineering Design and Project Construction Management Services for the above mentioned project.  Trans-Asia invited their mechanical designer, DOZON Engineering and Construction Services to submit proposal for the detailed mechanical engineering design for fuel tank, fuel pump/piping facilities, fire protection, ventilation and air conditioning system.

Cost Analysis of Comparative Analysis of Physico-Chemical Characteristics

Product Cost

The following data shows the prices of identified fuel oil

Bunker Fuel = 14.2617 php/liter
CME  = 70 php/liter

Cost per liter of Bunker Oil with 20% CME

1 liter = 1000 ml
1000 ml – 200 ml = 800 ml
800 ml (0.0142617 php/ml) = 12.55 php
200 ml (0.07 php/ml) = 14.00 php
Total Cost = 26.55 php

Cost per liter of Bunker Oil with 25% CME

1 liter = 1000 ml
1000 ml – 250 ml = 750 ml
750 ml (0.0142617 php/ml) = 10.70 php
250 ml (0.07 php/ml) = 17.50 php
Total Cost = 28.20 php

Evaluation and Benefits of the Project

The study will serve as a platform in providing technical support the widespread and efficient use of bio-diesel/bunker blended fuel.  Promoting the widespread use of bio-fuel blend will improve our environment while reducing dependence on foreign oil, stretching our fossil fuel reserves and providing value added markets for our coconut industry.

This sample cost analysis is taken from the project study entitled, “Comparative Analysis of Physico-Chemical Characteristics between 20% and 25% CME Blend by Volume on Bunker Fuel and the Effect of Exhaust Gas Emission” by: Kristian G. Barario, Rhio C. Dimakiling, Orley G. Fadriquel and Manuel Robles.