Proposed Technical Specification

Technical Specification for Proposed One-Storey Residential Structure

Project Proposal: Proposed One-Storey Residential Structure
Address: Del Rosario St. Pilar, Bataan
Owner: Engr. Ethelmer Navarro
Subject: Technical Specifications

General Requirements

A.    The work to be executed shall be done in accordance with the accompanying plans and specifications

B.    All works to be done shall be in the best quality of workmanship under the supervision of an Architect or a Civil Engineer

C.    The construction shall conform to all the requirements of the National Building Code, as well as the local rules and regulations of the City or Municipality

D.    Scope of Works

I.    Site Preparation
II.    Excavation
III.    Backfilling
IV.    Concrete of Works
V.    Proportioning of Concrete
VI.    Forms and scaffoldings
VII.    Concrete Slab Floors on Fill
VIII.    Steel Reinforcing Bars
IX.    Masonry
X.    Finishes
XI.    Floor Finishes
XII.    Tile Wall and Floor Finishes
XIII.    Carpentry and Lumber
XIV.    Roofing
XV.    Doors and Windows
XVI.    Electrical Works
XVII.    Plumbing Works
XVIII.    Metal
XIX.    Painting

I. Site Preparation

The building site shall be leveled according to the plans and cleared of rubbish, roots and other perishable and objectionable matters to a suitable sub-grade.

All such unsuitable materials shall be removed from the building site and spread uniformly over the areas adjacent the proposed building, or otherwise disposed off as may be directed by the Architect or the Engineer in charge of the construction.

The contractor shall make the necessary temporary facilities such as the bodega and comfort room.  This section also includes temporary connections of electrical and plumbing utilities.

Existing walls will not be demolished, instead will be used and reinforced as wall partition at Ground Level.

II. Excavation

All excavations shall be made to grade indicated in the drawings, where the building site is covered with any kind of fill, the excavation for footings should be made deeper until the stratum for safe bearing capacity of the soil reached.

Whenever water is encountered in the excavation process, it shall be removed by bailing or pumping, care being taken that the surrounding soil particles are not disturbed or removed.

III. Backfilling

After concrete for foundations reached the curing period to withstand pressure resulting from fills, the materials removed from excavations shall be used for backfills around them.

Backfills shall be placed in layers not exceeding 150mm in thickness, and each layer shall be thoroughly compacted wetting, tamping and rolling.

IV. Concrete Works

All concrete shall be mixed thoroughly until there is a uniform distribution of the cement and aggregates, and should be deposited as nearly as practicable in its final position, care being taken to avoid segregation of the aggregates.

Water to be used for mixing concrete shall be clean and free from injurious amount of oil, acids, alkalis, salts, and other organic materials.

All reinforced concrete columns, beams, and slabs shall be according to design as shown on plan.

Materials, Portland cement ASTM C 150, Type I, Sand ASTM C 897

V. Proportioning of Concrete

All concrete works shall be done in accordance with the standard specifications for plain and reinforced concrete as adopted by the Government.  Cement to be used shall be HOLCIM Portland Cement or equivalent.

The following proportions of concrete mixtures shall be used for the various parts of the building:
Columns and Footings – Class A (1:2:4)
Wall Footings – Class A(1:2:4)
Reinf. Concrete Beams and Slabs – Class A(1:2:4)
Slab on Fill – Class B(1:2 1/2:5)

The fine aggregate for concrete shall consist of natural sand, or of inert materials with similar characteristics, having clean, hard and durable grains, free from organic matter or loam.

The course aggregate for concrete shall consist of crushed rock of durable and strong qualities or clean and hard gravel.  Size of the course aggregate shall vary from 20mm to 40mm (3/4” to 1-1/2”)

VI. Forms and Scaffoldings

All forms for concrete shall be properly braced or connected together so as to maintain the correct position and shapes of the concrete members.  Forms shall be constructed sufficiently tight to prevent bulging and seepage of water.

Forms shall not be removed until the concrete has attained sufficient strength to support its own weight and any loads that may be placed on it.

Scaffoldings must be properly braced to prevent accidents.  Scaffolding materials may be lumber or steel.

VII. Concrete Slab Floors on Fill

Concrete slabs on fill shall be poured on a gravel bed not less than 100mm thick.  Each concrete slab course to be poured shall not be more than one meter wide, and each course shall be poured alternately to the indicated floor finish.

VIII. Steel Reinforcing Bars

All steel reinforcing bars to be used in the construction shall consist of round deformed bars with lugs, projection on their sides to provide a greater bond between the concrete and the steel.  Sizes range is 10mm dia., 12mm dia., 16mm dia.

All steel reinforcing bars shall be accurately placed and secured against displacement by tying them together at each bar intersection with Gauge #16 galvanized iron wire.

The steel reinforcing bars indicated for footings, columns, slabs, beams, girders and other concrete members shall all conform to the number, size and spacing as indicated in the drawings or schedule of steel reinforcements.

IX. Masonry

Concrete hollow blocks to be used in this project shall be 5 inches thick.

All exterior concrete hollow blocks to be used for the first floor walls shall be at least 150mm thick, while concrete hollow blocks for interior walls unless otherwise indicated, shall be 100mm thick.  For interior CHB walls where plumbing pipes and fittings shall be located, the thickness shall be at least 150mm thick.

Concrete hollow blocks to be used for walls above the first floor, shall be 150mm thick.

The concrete hollow block walls shall be laid, and the cells filled with cement mortar consisting of 1 part Portland cement and 3 parts sand by volume.  They shall be reinforced with round deformed bars, 10mm diameter, spaced not more than 1.20 meters on center, both ways.

X. Finishes

Interior walls shall be of Smooth Plain Cement Plaster finish unless otherwise specified in the plans.
Exterior walls shall be of Smooth Plain Cement Plaster finish.

This section includes Portland Cement Plaster materials
a.    Base – Coat Cement: Portland cement, ASTM C 150, Type I
b.    Job – Mixed Finish Coat: ASTM C 926, Portland Cement, ASTM C 150 Type I
c.    Sand Aggregates for Base Coat: ASTM C 897
d.    Water: Potable and clean

XI. Floor Finishes

All materials to be used as floor finishes for the rooms shall be plain cement finish and general areas of the building shall be plain cement finish.

XII. Tile Wall and Floor Finishes

The toilet and bathroom floors shall be finished with 0.20m x 0.20 CERAMIC TILES and approved equivalent
The walls of the toilets, bathrooms shall be 0.20m x 0.30m CERAMIC TILES and approved equivalent.

XIII. Carpentry and Lumber
Lumber shall be approved quality of the respective kind required for the various parts of the work, self seasoned, thoroughly dried and free from large, loose and unsound knots, sap, shakes or other imperfections impairing its strength, durability and appearance.  Tanguile shall be used for door jambs, corbets, hangers, ceilings joist and other framings.  Lumber standards must comply with Philippine Lumber Standard and with applicable grading rules of local inspection agencies.

XIV. Roofing
The roof shall be covered with 0.40 mm Color Roof Rib Type roofing.  The roofing sheet shall be secured to the purlins.  Gutter will be Pre-Painted Spanish Gutter.  All accessories must conform to standard of ASTM.  All overlaps and connections must be properly screwed and riveted.

XV. Doors and Windows
This section includes Solid Wood Doors and Hollow – Core Doors
Material: Kilm Dry “J. Melina” for solid door and ordinary tanguile for hollow – core wood doors and approved equivalent.
Install wood doors to comply with manufacturer’s written instructions, referenced quality standard, and as indicated on drawings.
PVC door shall be in quality standard “POLY DOOR” brand or approved equivalent; Extend and Location: Toilet and Bath
This section also includes standard Aluminum Framed (analok) Windows with ¼’ thick bronze glass.  Materials shall conform good quality and to be installed by the required fabricator and must comply with manufacturer’s specification and recommendations for installation of window units, hardware, operators and other components of the work.

XVI. Electrical Works

Basic Electrical Requirements

A.    All electrical works shall be done in accordance with all applicable current edition of the Philippine Electrical Code and shall conform to requirements, agencies and Power Company with jurisdiction over this project.  All work for this installation shall be done under the direct supervision of duly licensed Electrical Engineer or Master Electrician.

B.    All electrical materials, devices, fixtures, fittings and hardware shall be of suitable and approve type for location purposes.

XVII. Plumbing Works

All plumbing works for this project shall be done in accordance with the approved plans and under the direct supervision and control of a licensed Sanitary Engineer or Master Plumber.

Piping shall be properly graded or pitched to ensure easy circulation, drainage and prevent water hammer and noise.

The plumbing installation shall conform with the provisions of the National Plumbing Code and the rules and regulations enforced in the locality.

Piping for drain, waste and vent shall be done using GI push – on system.  For the in-house water supply installation, GI pipes and fittings shall be used.

The plumbing fixtures and accessories to be provided and installed shall be follows:
Water Closets – COOL or approved equivalent
Lavatories – COOL or approved equivalent
Kitchen Sink – Stainless
Shower Heads – COOL or approved equivalent
Soap Holder – COOL or approved equivalent
Toilet Paper Holder – COOL or approved equivalent
Floor Drain – COOL or approved equivalent

Where a sanitary sewer system of sewage disposal is not in operation in the locality, standard septic vault shall be constructed as shown in the drawings.

XIII. Metal
Steel Grills and Ornamental Railings

A.    General: For smooth fabrications exposed to view in the completed work, provide materials with smooth, flat, surfaces without blemishes.  Do not use materials with exposed pitting.  Seam marks, roller marks or roughness.

B.    This section includes ornamental railing fabricated from custom shapes.

C.    Steel and Iron: Provide steel and iron in form indicated to comply with the following requirements
Tubing: Cold formed, ASTM A 500
Steel Plate, Shapes and Bar: ASTM 36

XIV Painting

A.    This section includes surface preparation and field painting of the following:
Exposed exterior items and surface
Exposed interior and surfaces
Surface preparation, priming and finish coast specified in this section are in addition to shop priming, and surface treatment specified in other sections.

B.    Material Compatibility: Provide block fillers, primers, undercoats, finish-coat materials and related materials that are compatible with one another and the substrates indicated under conditions of service and application, as demonstrated by manufacturer based on testing and field experienced.

C.    Materials Quality:  Provide manufacturer’s best quality paint material of the various coating types specified. Paint-material containers not displaying manufacturer’s product identification will not be acceptable.
Proprietary Names:  Use of manufacturer’s proprietary product names to designate colors or materials is not intended to imply that products named are required to be used to the exclusion of equivalent products of other manufacturers.

Cementitious Filler: Not shrink formulations; white Portland cement with fine silicate aggregate, zinc-oxide pigment, and reinforcing chemical binder as approved.

Thinner:  As  recommended by each manufacturer for the respective product.
Equipment: Provide scaffolding, staging, drop cloths, covers, brushes, rollers and spraying and other equipment of the type, grade and size required for the proper execution of work.

D.    Color:  Colors of items or surfaces to be painted are indicated on the drawings and schedules.  Provide custom color of the finished paint system to match the Architect’s sample.

E.    Mixing:  All materials shall be factory or supplier mixed to proper application consistency.  Perform job mixing and tinting only as approved by the Architect.

F.    Application:
General: Apply finish systems in accordance with the manufacturer’s written instructions.  Use applicators and techniques best suited for substance and type of material being applied.  Apply to the dry film mil thickness for each coat as recommended by the manufacturer.  Finish coats shall cover substrate and produce a uniform finish surface, free form from sags, lap mark and other defects.

Sample Problem Statement and Recommendation

Problems Encountered in the Conduct of Surveys and Actions Taken

•    Some of the graduates cannot be located from the addresses listed in the master list.
o    Secure the updated address or contact number from other CE graduates

•    Some of the graduates are not here in the Philippines.  They are presently working abroad.
o    Asked the immediate family members of the graduate to answer the questionnaire or get the email address of the graduate and send the questionnaire to them

•    Time availability of some graduates did not match with the availability of the enumerators.
o    Secure the contact numbers of the graduates and the project proponent will set an appointment for the enumerators through phone call.

•    Some of the graduates or relatives are not interested with the GTS.  Reasoning out that they are busy.
o    Just skip that graduates and go back to them some other time.

•    Some of the assigned graduates to enumerators are far and have a hard time finding them.
o    Swapping of assigned graduates from one enumerator to other enumerators will be allowed as long as they inform the proponent in advance.

•    No reply received from most of the email message sent to graduates working abroad
o    Still sending e-mail messages to them.

Source: BPSU

Sample Recommendations

Recommendation is written to suggest something that is beneficial to everyone who will implement the proposed research or project.  It should be based on the results of your study. Also, it is written for the future researcher to discuss the actions to be taken place.

Recommendation:

  1. A preliminary evaluation on the application of the incoming freshmen for civil engineering must be done discouraging those applicants whose reason for taking the course is due to the “influence of the parents and relatives”.  This might result to bigger passing percentage rate in the licensure examinations since most of our students will graduate from their field of interest.
  2. From the data shown, our Job Placement Center must device a program with regards to the employment of our graduates.
  3. A thorough study must be done why most of our graduates are working outside the country and outside the province.
  4. Regular activities for the graduates such as homecoming, meetings of officers, etc. must be considered which will be one of the faster means of getting an up to date data of the graduates.
  5. An Alumni Office must also be considered by the University of the College for the safekeeping of the graduates data.

Source: BPSU

Sample Findings in Proposal

Finding section refers to the results of the proposal or a research proposal.  It is written to inform the results of your study.

Findings:

  1. With regards to the reasons why students are taking up civil engineering courses, “the influence of parents and relatives” still gave weights (35%) which can be one of the reason of the 30-35% average annual passing rate of the course in the Civil Engineering Licensure Examinations.
  2. Civil Engineering graduates have bigger employment rate based on the 80% result of the survey.
  3. Employment data also shows that civil engineering graduates were able to land for a job in half-year after they graduated or take the board examinations.
  4. Only three (3%) of those employed civil engineering graduates landed their job through our job placement program.
  5. Sixty two (62%) percent of those employed graduates are working in their chosen degree which shows that the civil engineering program answers the needs of the industry.
  6.  Twenty-one percent (21%) of the employed graduates are working outside the country and that only 28% of those working within the country are serving the province of Bataan.
  7. Good thing is that the curriculum of the BSCE program of the university still relevant to the needs of the industry having 89% response from those employed graduates.

Sample Methodology

The GTS will be conducted by the proponent with selected Civil Engineering students under College of Engineering and Architecture of BPSU.  Selected students will be selected based on their interest to adopt the knowledge and interest in the said GTS.

The GTS involves orientations of the tracer study, reproduction of materials to be needed, distribution and retrieval  of GTS questionnaires, encoding of the data gathered, analyzing the data then making conclusions and recommendations based on the output of the GTS.

Important data regarding this study of BSCE graduates were gathered through a standard questionnaires provided by CHED.  Reference data with regards to the whereabouts of the graduates were requested to university registrar of the BPSU.

Respondents for this tracer study are only graduates of Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering from 2002-2008 wherein sample respondents were determined using the Solvin’s formula:

n = N / (1 + Ne2)
Where
n = Number of samples
N = Total number of population
e = Error tolerance of 7%

In order for the leader to get samples equal to 103/205, based on slovin’s formula, a group of 14 enumerators  were oriented and trained.  Enumerators were given assigned graduated depending on their preference.

Depending on the availability of respondents, enumerator’s where able to gather the target numbers of respondents in which data gathered were subjected to final analysis.

Simple statistical analysis and correlations were made to data which will give bearing to the study and at the same tome answered the objectives of this GTS.

Source: BPSU

Sample Introduction, Rationale, Objectives and Limitations

Introduction

Rationale

The Graduate Tracer Study (GTS) is aimed at generating data that shall be used by institutional and national policy makers .  GTS results can help the higher education institutions  (HEIs) in developing their curricula, deciding on program offerings, staffing patterns, faculty development and others.  At the national level, policy makers can be guided by GTS results in deciding on budget priorities, how to develop assistance programs can be developed for HEIs and how to redirect the course of higher education, among other (CHED-HEDP Graduate Tracer Study Training Program, May 23-24, Calamba, Laguna).

Truly, aside from the fact that one of the requirements of CHED for accreditations is to have a Graduate Tracer Study for HEIs, the CEA BPSU Civil Engineering program cannot deny that GTS is one area that need to be well enhanced and monitored for it to be more competitive and could easily adapt to the fasts changing socio-economic environment brought about by the new global order of competition, liberalization, privatization and globalization.  Especially now that the program is fast developing, its graduates must be will globalization.  Especially now that the program is fast developing, its graduates must be well monitored in order to determine its characteristics and how well it adapts to the current global order.

It this connection, faculties of CE program must assess its graduates for them to be able to determine and answers the needs of the society.  Thus, this GTS for BSCE program is being proposed.

Objectives of the GTS:

  1. To trace all graduates of BSCE program of BPSU from 2002-2008.
  2. To determine whether BSCE graduates are employed, underemployed and unemployed.
  3. To determine whether they are employed in relation with their profession or not.
  4. To establish linkage to the industry where they are employed.
  5. To assess if the BSCE program of BPSU-CEA still answers the needs of the society.

Limitations:

  1. The respondents are mostly from graduates residing in the province of Bataan that those residing outside the province where disregarded since they are comprised a very little percentage of the graduates.  Another reason is to lessen and save time and money.
  2. The percentage or error used in using the Slovin’s formula is Seven Percent (7%).

Source: BPSU – College of Engineering and Architecture

Event Proposal

Event proposal is serves as business plan for the event. It is also start with an executive summary and then the details of the event. It is written if you are planning a department party, weddings, birthdays, grand alumni party, charity ball which is most likely view by clients or management.

Event proposal is written so that everyone on the organization knows exactly what the event is all about and knows every detail of the programs.  This event proposal will be viewed by different persons including potential clients and sponsors, marketers, and stakeholders

The contents of your proposal are the name of the event, description of the event, venue and facilities offered, food and beverages, event logistics, event program and event budget. Also, don’t forget the key people who will be working during the event.

You can include an introduction to your event proposal wherein you can describe your event by providing an overview of the event not only by mentioning the name of the event. Just provide a little more detailed information.

Also, mention the venue of the event to know if the venue is suitable for the event as well as the facilities available at the venue from toilets to parking. You can include the description of the venue such as the lighting, surface, seating, electronic equipment, furniture as well the number of rooms and bathroom.

You can include a map or floor diagram to be more specific.  Take note also the attraction in the event including performers, special guess, and officials. Describe how the venue will fully cater. Provide also a list of person that will be involved in your event proposal.

In addition, provide a map on how to find the venue and the available public vehicle transport to the venue and car parking for those who have a car.
At last, identify the budget for your event proposal.  It included the anticipated expenses and revenues from the event.
Other important aspect of your event proposal is the physical appearance.  Your event proposal should be presentable, professional and appealing.

Funding Proposal Outline

Funding proposal is written to request for money to complete a certain project such as humanitarian or community related projects.  A successful proposal should provide necessary information about the proposed project for the potential donor.

Some non-profit organization writes a funding proposal to find donors for their cause.  This is done to generate a large amount of money from several potential donors.  The funding proposal will be presented to businesses in the hope of finding donors.

A funding proposal usually starts with a title page that lists the name of the project and details about the organization

The following is a sample outline for funding proposal.  The below sample outline does not have to follow the exact format.

  • Introduction – It provides information about history and mission of the organization.
  • Statement of the Problem – It contains the problems try to address.
  • Statement of the Solution. – It lists the goals or objectives of the project. Also, it includes the organization description as well as the list of names with corresponding qualification of key personnel who will handle and manage the project.
  • Funding Request – It provides the amount of the grant request as well as the purpose of the grant. Projected cost of the total completed project and the detailed project budget, the list of amount with corresponding items needs to be purchased are also noted. It also includes the anticipated start and end of the project as well the approximate date when the grant funds will be needed. In addition, list of other sources of funding are also included.
  • Financial Information – It consist a copy of the organization’s income and expense statement for the current year and most recent fiscal year.
  • Evaluation – It provides the methods used to make the project successful. It also contains the reports on how the main sources of income will sustain the project.
  • Supporting Documents – It includes the required documents to support the projects.

How to Organize your Proposal

It is important to make your proposal organize so that your reader will easily understand your proposed project or plan.  Of course, to make your proposal organize, it is necessary to divide your proposal into designated parts wherein you can write it in different section of your proposal.
The following are some parts of your proposal so that it become organize:

  1. Abstract /Executive Summary– It contains the overview of your proposed project.  It should be clear and concise to capture the attention of your reader.  It provides objectives and purposes of the project and how to these will be successfully achieved.  The usual length of your abstract is about 250 words.
  2. Introduction – It summarized the problem as well as the solution to that problem. Also, it includes the aims, purposes and benefits of your project proposal.
  3. Review of Related Literature.  It provides background to understand the current knowledge.
  4. Statement of the Problem – It provides the issues or problems being solved.
  5. Objectives – It provides the purposes, aims and goals of your project proposal.  It should be specific not general.
  6. Methodology – It contains the methodology used to achieve the desired results. These methodologies include the steps and procedures being acquired.
  7. Personnel –  It discusses the organization structure such as personnel and staff that will involve in the project.
  8. Facilities – It provides facilities to be used in the project such as the list of equipment  and furniture.
  9. Time Frame – It includes the dates for completion of all activities or tasks as well as their sequence.  Also, it contains the milestones or deliverables.
  10. Appendices – It provides the sources of information such as books, journals and magazines.   It should be clearly labeled and contains supportive information related to your project proposal.

 

Writing a Successful Proposal

Proposal is written with a purpose of improving services, developing new product and solving a certain problems.   It involves of describing a problem and proposing a solution to it. A successful proposal contains executive summary, statement of the problem, project description, financial analysis, organizational structure, conclusion and summary.

A successful proposal can be vital in winning a project. So it is important to writing your proposal in a right way.  Your executive summary should contain the reason for proposal as well as the summary of the proposal.  Decision-makers usually focus on the executive summary to know what the proposal is all about.

Also, state your goals and objectives of your proposal in the statement of the problem.  While in the project description, just describe your plans and details your project on how to achieve your goals and objectives.

Financial or budget analysis should also include in your proposal to know how your plan and project will be financed and explain operating expenses.

Organizational structure includes the people behind the project to be feasible such as hierarchy arrangement of personnel including their duties and responsibilities.  The last but not the least is the conclusion which provides the summary of your proposal.